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The Sustainability of Post-Conflict Development: The Case of Algeria

Mourad, Khaldoon A LU and Avery, Helen LU (2019) In Sustainability 11(11).
Abstract
The Algerian civil war, 1992–2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country’s large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and... (More)
The Algerian civil war, 1992–2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country’s large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and planned development projects in the country, especially in the agriculture sector, while new investments in industry started after the conflict. The review of individual development projects further revealed that many projects between 1980–2017 had doubtful benefits with respect to long-term development goals. Initiatives tended to be discontinued once the funding period closed, and the involvement of the private sector was low. It is therefore concluded that additional attention needs to be devoted to long-term and structural impacts of development projects, including considerations regarding sustainability, demographics, and climate-related future changes. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
post conflict, development strategy, sustainability transitions, hydrocarbons dependency, rural development, food security, Algeria
in
Sustainability
volume
11
issue
11
article number
3036
pages
18 pages
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:85067265166
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su11113036
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a355bfde-beba-4152-9b3d-4eaca32bfdd8
date added to LUP
2019-03-18 11:14:52
date last changed
2020-01-13 01:33:53
@article{a355bfde-beba-4152-9b3d-4eaca32bfdd8,
  abstract     = {The Algerian civil war, 1992–2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country’s large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and planned development projects in the country, especially in the agriculture sector, while new investments in industry started after the conflict. The review of individual development projects further revealed that many projects between 1980–2017 had doubtful benefits with respect to long-term development goals. Initiatives tended to be discontinued once the funding period closed, and the involvement of the private sector was low. It is therefore concluded that additional attention needs to be devoted to long-term and structural impacts of development projects, including considerations regarding sustainability, demographics, and climate-related future changes.},
  author       = {Mourad, Khaldoon A and Avery, Helen},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Sustainability},
  title        = {The Sustainability of Post-Conflict Development: The Case of Algeria},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su11113036},
  doi          = {10.3390/su11113036},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2019},
}