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Smart cities as organizational fields : A framework for mapping sustainability-enabling configurations

Pierce, Paul LU ; Ricciardi, Francesca and Zardini, Alessandro (2017) In Sustainability 9(9).
Abstract

Despite the impressive growth of smart city initiatives worldwide, an organizational theory of smart city has yet to be developed, and we lack models addressing the unprecedented organizational and management challenges that emerge in smart city contexts. Traditional models are often of little use, because smart cities pursue different goals than traditional organizations, are based on networked, cross-boundary activity systems, rely on distributed innovation processes, and imply adaptive policy-making. Complex combinations of factors may lead to vicious or virtuous cycles in smart city initiatives, but we know very little about how these factors may be identified and mapped. Based on an inductive study of a set of primary and secondary... (More)

Despite the impressive growth of smart city initiatives worldwide, an organizational theory of smart city has yet to be developed, and we lack models addressing the unprecedented organizational and management challenges that emerge in smart city contexts. Traditional models are often of little use, because smart cities pursue different goals than traditional organizations, are based on networked, cross-boundary activity systems, rely on distributed innovation processes, and imply adaptive policy-making. Complex combinations of factors may lead to vicious or virtuous cycles in smart city initiatives, but we know very little about how these factors may be identified and mapped. Based on an inductive study of a set of primary and secondary sources, we develop a framework for the configurational analysis of smart cities viewed as place-specific organizational fields. This framework identifies five key dimensions in the configurations of smart city fields; these five dimensions are mapped through five sub-frameworks, which can be used both separately as well as for an integrated analysis. Our contribution is conceived to support longitudinal studies, natural experiments and comparative analyses on smart city fields, and to improve our understanding of how different combinations of factors affect the capability of smart innovations to translate into city resilience, sustainability and quality of life. In addition, our results suggest that new forms of place-based entrepreneurship constitute the engine that allows for the dynamic collaboration between government, citizens and research centers in successful smart city organizational fields.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Innovation ecosystem, Organizational fields, Organizational logics, Smart city, Sustainability transformation, Sustainable city, Sustainable entrepreneurship
in
Sustainability
volume
9
issue
9
publisher
Formas
external identifiers
  • scopus:85028362769
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su9091506
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a4e89fb0-5331-48d0-acbb-96511848ec55
date added to LUP
2017-09-06 13:51:17
date last changed
2017-09-06 13:51:17
@article{a4e89fb0-5331-48d0-acbb-96511848ec55,
  abstract     = {<p>Despite the impressive growth of smart city initiatives worldwide, an organizational theory of smart city has yet to be developed, and we lack models addressing the unprecedented organizational and management challenges that emerge in smart city contexts. Traditional models are often of little use, because smart cities pursue different goals than traditional organizations, are based on networked, cross-boundary activity systems, rely on distributed innovation processes, and imply adaptive policy-making. Complex combinations of factors may lead to vicious or virtuous cycles in smart city initiatives, but we know very little about how these factors may be identified and mapped. Based on an inductive study of a set of primary and secondary sources, we develop a framework for the configurational analysis of smart cities viewed as place-specific organizational fields. This framework identifies five key dimensions in the configurations of smart city fields; these five dimensions are mapped through five sub-frameworks, which can be used both separately as well as for an integrated analysis. Our contribution is conceived to support longitudinal studies, natural experiments and comparative analyses on smart city fields, and to improve our understanding of how different combinations of factors affect the capability of smart innovations to translate into city resilience, sustainability and quality of life. In addition, our results suggest that new forms of place-based entrepreneurship constitute the engine that allows for the dynamic collaboration between government, citizens and research centers in successful smart city organizational fields.</p>},
  articleno    = {1506},
  author       = {Pierce, Paul and Ricciardi, Francesca and Zardini, Alessandro},
  issn         = {2071-1050},
  keyword      = {Innovation ecosystem,Organizational fields,Organizational logics,Smart city,Sustainability transformation,Sustainable city,Sustainable entrepreneurship},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {9},
  publisher    = {Formas},
  series       = {Sustainability},
  title        = {Smart cities as organizational fields : A framework for mapping sustainability-enabling configurations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su9091506},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2017},
}