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Mental illness in Sweden (1896–1905) reflected through case records from a local general hospital

Appelquist, Malin LU ; Brådvik, Louise LU and Åsberg, Marie (2018) In History of Psychiatry
Abstract

Mental illness in a hospital in a medium-sized town in Sweden was studied. Consecutive case records from 1896 to 1905, and also from 2011, were selected. In the historical sample, neurasthenia was the most common diagnosis, followed by affective disorders and alcohol abuse. ICD-10 diagnoses corresponded well with the historical diagnoses. Melancholia resembled modern criteria for depression. Mania, insania simplex and paranoia indicated more severe illness. Abuse was more common among men and hysteria among women. Those with a medical certificate for mental hospital care were very ill and showed no gender difference. There were no diagnoses for abuse, but 17% had a high level of alcohol consumption. The pattern of signs and symptoms... (More)

Mental illness in a hospital in a medium-sized town in Sweden was studied. Consecutive case records from 1896 to 1905, and also from 2011, were selected. In the historical sample, neurasthenia was the most common diagnosis, followed by affective disorders and alcohol abuse. ICD-10 diagnoses corresponded well with the historical diagnoses. Melancholia resembled modern criteria for depression. Mania, insania simplex and paranoia indicated more severe illness. Abuse was more common among men and hysteria among women. Those with a medical certificate for mental hospital care were very ill and showed no gender difference. There were no diagnoses for abuse, but 17% had a high level of alcohol consumption. The pattern of signs and symptoms displayed by patients does not appear to change with time.

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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Alcohol use disorder, classification, depression, history, nineteenth century, psychosis, Sweden
in
History of Psychiatry
external identifiers
  • scopus:85042428794
ISSN
0957-154X
DOI
10.1177/0957154X18756528
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a60996cc-69c1-450f-b9ec-8ae86d8f10b5
date added to LUP
2018-03-09 13:27:11
date last changed
2018-05-29 11:05:31
@article{a60996cc-69c1-450f-b9ec-8ae86d8f10b5,
  abstract     = {<p>Mental illness in a hospital in a medium-sized town in Sweden was studied. Consecutive case records from 1896 to 1905, and also from 2011, were selected. In the historical sample, neurasthenia was the most common diagnosis, followed by affective disorders and alcohol abuse. ICD-10 diagnoses corresponded well with the historical diagnoses. Melancholia resembled modern criteria for depression. Mania, insania simplex and paranoia indicated more severe illness. Abuse was more common among men and hysteria among women. Those with a medical certificate for mental hospital care were very ill and showed no gender difference. There were no diagnoses for abuse, but 17% had a high level of alcohol consumption. The pattern of signs and symptoms displayed by patients does not appear to change with time.</p>},
  author       = {Appelquist, Malin and Brådvik, Louise and Åsberg, Marie},
  issn         = {0957-154X},
  keyword      = {Alcohol use disorder,classification,depression,history,nineteenth century,psychosis,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {02},
  series       = {History of Psychiatry},
  title        = {Mental illness in Sweden (1896–1905) reflected through case records from a local general hospital},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0957154X18756528},
  year         = {2018},
}