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Siting conflicts between wind power and military aviation-Problems and potential solutions

Lindgren, Fredrik; Johansson, Bengt LU ; Malmlof, Tomas and Lindvall, Fredrik (2013) In Land Use Policy 34. p.104-111
Abstract
The expansion of wind power in Sweden has brought increasing conflicts between the wind power industry and the interests of the military forces. This paper analyses the reasons for these perceived conflicts and suggests solutions for mitigating at least some of the problems. The analysis is based on literature studies, several semistructured interviews and workshops with stakeholders in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Finland and Norway. Some of the problems originate from diverging views on how various societal interests should be weighed against each other, others from uncertainties in the planning and investment environment. The wind power industry has difficulties predicting whether a project will be rejected by the armed forces and believes... (More)
The expansion of wind power in Sweden has brought increasing conflicts between the wind power industry and the interests of the military forces. This paper analyses the reasons for these perceived conflicts and suggests solutions for mitigating at least some of the problems. The analysis is based on literature studies, several semistructured interviews and workshops with stakeholders in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Finland and Norway. Some of the problems originate from diverging views on how various societal interests should be weighed against each other, others from uncertainties in the planning and investment environment. The wind power industry has difficulties predicting whether a project will be rejected by the armed forces and believes that the armed forces often change their view on a specific project during the planning process. The Swedish armed forces, on their part, perceive the planning process to be hampered by low-quality, unsubstantiated applications, which sometimes block potentially available areas for more serious applicants. Better communication to improve mutual understanding between the stakeholders and more efficient information systems regarding existing and planned wind power plants would help reduce planning uncertainties in the short term. Better information on how wind power and military installations affect each other in a technical sense could also be important. Early identification of areas with little or no risk of conflict with military interests would help decrease the proportion of projects rejected by the military. In a more far-reaching reform, the wind power planning and permit system could be changed to one similar to the current Danish system, which provides a more important role for comprehensive spatial planning than granting of permits for single projects. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Wind power, Military aviation, Spatial planning, Environmental permit, Sweden
in
Land Use Policy
volume
34
pages
104 - 111
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000320971800010
  • scopus:84875142956
ISSN
0264-8377
DOI
10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.02.006
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ac688286-4e2c-4f5f-b9a6-efcd86c67e3e (old id 3975407)
date added to LUP
2013-08-21 17:27:24
date last changed
2019-02-20 06:27:20
@article{ac688286-4e2c-4f5f-b9a6-efcd86c67e3e,
  abstract     = {The expansion of wind power in Sweden has brought increasing conflicts between the wind power industry and the interests of the military forces. This paper analyses the reasons for these perceived conflicts and suggests solutions for mitigating at least some of the problems. The analysis is based on literature studies, several semistructured interviews and workshops with stakeholders in Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Finland and Norway. Some of the problems originate from diverging views on how various societal interests should be weighed against each other, others from uncertainties in the planning and investment environment. The wind power industry has difficulties predicting whether a project will be rejected by the armed forces and believes that the armed forces often change their view on a specific project during the planning process. The Swedish armed forces, on their part, perceive the planning process to be hampered by low-quality, unsubstantiated applications, which sometimes block potentially available areas for more serious applicants. Better communication to improve mutual understanding between the stakeholders and more efficient information systems regarding existing and planned wind power plants would help reduce planning uncertainties in the short term. Better information on how wind power and military installations affect each other in a technical sense could also be important. Early identification of areas with little or no risk of conflict with military interests would help decrease the proportion of projects rejected by the military. In a more far-reaching reform, the wind power planning and permit system could be changed to one similar to the current Danish system, which provides a more important role for comprehensive spatial planning than granting of permits for single projects. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Lindgren, Fredrik and Johansson, Bengt and Malmlof, Tomas and Lindvall, Fredrik},
  issn         = {0264-8377},
  keyword      = {Wind power,Military aviation,Spatial planning,Environmental permit,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {104--111},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Land Use Policy},
  title        = {Siting conflicts between wind power and military aviation-Problems and potential solutions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.02.006},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2013},
}