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Moving Out of Academic Research : Why Do Scientists Stop Doing Research?

Geuna, Aldo and Shibayama, Sotaro LU (2015) In Global Mobility of Research Scientists p.271-303
Abstract
This study examines the determinants of exit from academic research that occurs when academic researchers move into positions in academe that concentrate on nonresearch activities such as teaching or administration or when researchers leave academia and move into industry. Drawing on career data for 14,000 Japanese PhD graduates in hard sciences (all scientific fields except social sciences and humanities), we develop a set of econometric models to test the determinants of exit from a career in academic research. We find that academics' scientific productivity and academic network are negatively correlated with abandoning a university research career and that female academics, and researchers in less-prestigious universities, tend to exit... (More)
This study examines the determinants of exit from academic research that occurs when academic researchers move into positions in academe that concentrate on nonresearch activities such as teaching or administration or when researchers leave academia and move into industry. Drawing on career data for 14,000 Japanese PhD graduates in hard sciences (all scientific fields except social sciences and humanities), we develop a set of econometric models to test the determinants of exit from a career in academic research. We find that academics' scientific productivity and academic network are negatively correlated with abandoning a university research career and that female academics, and researchers in less-prestigious universities, tend to exit academic research more easily. Individual and institutional network effects play a role mainly for senior researchers. The results indicate also that the determinants of exit are contingent on scientific field and career stage. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
academic career, academic labor market, exit, researcher mobility
in
Global Mobility of Research Scientists
editor
Geuna, Aldo and
pages
33 pages
publisher
Academic Press
ISBN
978-0-12-801396-0
978-0-12-8016817
DOI
10.1016/B978-0-12-801396-0.00010-7
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
ac9035a6-be84-4a03-b190-75771ff27ef7
date added to LUP
2017-04-17 20:54:57
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:51:43
@inbook{ac9035a6-be84-4a03-b190-75771ff27ef7,
  abstract     = {This study examines the determinants of exit from academic research that occurs when academic researchers move into positions in academe that concentrate on nonresearch activities such as teaching or administration or when researchers leave academia and move into industry. Drawing on career data for 14,000 Japanese PhD graduates in hard sciences (all scientific fields except social sciences and humanities), we develop a set of econometric models to test the determinants of exit from a career in academic research. We find that academics' scientific productivity and academic network are negatively correlated with abandoning a university research career and that female academics, and researchers in less-prestigious universities, tend to exit academic research more easily. Individual and institutional network effects play a role mainly for senior researchers. The results indicate also that the determinants of exit are contingent on scientific field and career stage.},
  author       = {Geuna, Aldo and Shibayama, Sotaro},
  editor       = {Geuna, Aldo},
  isbn         = {978-0-12-801396-0},
  keyword      = {academic career,academic labor market,exit,researcher mobility},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  pages        = {271--303},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Global Mobility of Research Scientists },
  title        = {Moving Out of Academic Research : Why Do Scientists Stop Doing Research?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801396-0.00010-7},
  year         = {2015},
}