Advanced

Personality Traits and the Gender Gap in Ideology

Morton, Rebecca; Tyran, Jean-Robert and Wengström, Erik LU (2016) In Studies in Political Economy p.153-185
Abstract
What explains the gender gap in ideology, i.e. the observation that women tend to be more leftist than men? We provide new evidence showing that personality traits play a key role. Using a novel high-quality data set, we show that the mediating (i.e. indirect) effects of gender operating through personality traits by far dominate the direct effects of gender. They also dominate other potential differences between the sexes like income or education as explanatory factors. Our findings suggest that women tend to be more leftist than men mainly because they have different personalities, which, in turn, shape their expressed ideology. Taking such mediating effects of personality traits into account explains over three quarters of the observed... (More)
What explains the gender gap in ideology, i.e. the observation that women tend to be more leftist than men? We provide new evidence showing that personality traits play a key role. Using a novel high-quality data set, we show that the mediating (i.e. indirect) effects of gender operating through personality traits by far dominate the direct effects of gender. They also dominate other potential differences between the sexes like income or education as explanatory factors. Our findings suggest that women tend to be more leftist than men mainly because they have different personalities, which, in turn, shape their expressed ideology. Taking such mediating effects of personality traits into account explains over three quarters of the observed gender gap in general ideological preferences. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Studies in Political Economy
editor
Gallego, Maria; Schofield, Norman ; and
pages
33 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:84988583595
  • wos:000392143000008
ISSN
2364-5903
ISBN
978-3-319-40118-8
978-3-319-40116-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-40118-8_7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ae297744-034a-4f12-8c70-22646b113400
date added to LUP
2016-12-09 10:15:51
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:30:43
@inbook{ae297744-034a-4f12-8c70-22646b113400,
  abstract     = {What explains the gender gap in ideology, i.e. the observation that women tend to be more leftist than men? We provide new evidence showing that personality traits play a key role. Using a novel high-quality data set, we show that the mediating (i.e. indirect) effects of gender operating through personality traits by far dominate the direct effects of gender. They also dominate other potential differences between the sexes like income or education as explanatory factors. Our findings suggest that women tend to be more leftist than men mainly because they have different personalities, which, in turn, shape their expressed ideology. Taking such mediating effects of personality traits into account explains over three quarters of the observed gender gap in general ideological preferences.},
  author       = {Morton, Rebecca and Tyran, Jean-Robert and Wengström, Erik},
  editor       = {Gallego, Maria and Schofield, Norman },
  isbn         = {978-3-319-40118-8},
  issn         = {2364-5903},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {153--185},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Studies in Political Economy},
  title        = {Personality Traits and the Gender Gap in Ideology},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40118-8_7},
  year         = {2016},
}