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Neutralization of LINGO-1 during in vitro differentiation of neural stem cells results in proliferation of immature neurons

Lööv, Camilla; Fernqvist, Maria; Walmsley, Adrian; Marklund, Niklas LU and Erlandsson, Anna (2012) In PLoS ONE 7(1).
Abstract

Identifying external factors that can be used to control neural stem cells division and their differentiation to neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes is of high scientific and clinical interest. Here we show that the Nogo-66 receptor interacting protein LINGO-1 is a potent regulator of neural stem cell maturation to neurons. LINGO-1 is expressed by cortical neural stem cells from E14 mouse embryos and inhibition of LINGO-1 during the first days of neural stem cell differentiation results in decreased neuronal maturation. Compared to neurons in control cultures, which after 6 days of differentiation have long extending neurites, neurons in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies retain an immature, round phenotype with only... (More)

Identifying external factors that can be used to control neural stem cells division and their differentiation to neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes is of high scientific and clinical interest. Here we show that the Nogo-66 receptor interacting protein LINGO-1 is a potent regulator of neural stem cell maturation to neurons. LINGO-1 is expressed by cortical neural stem cells from E14 mouse embryos and inhibition of LINGO-1 during the first days of neural stem cell differentiation results in decreased neuronal maturation. Compared to neurons in control cultures, which after 6 days of differentiation have long extending neurites, neurons in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies retain an immature, round phenotype with only very short processes. Furthermore, neutralization of LINGO-1 results in a threefold increase in βIII tubulin-positive cells compared to untreated control cultures. By using BrdU incorporation assays we show that the immature neurons in LINGO-1 neutralized cultures are dividing neuroblasts. In contrast to control cultures, in which no cells were double positive for βIII tubulin and BrdU, 36% of the neurons in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies were proliferating after three days of differentiation. TUNEL assays revealed that the amount of cells going through apoptosis during the early phase of differentiation was significantly decreased in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies compared to untreated control cultures. Taken together, our results demonstrate a novel role for LINGO-1 in neural stem cell differentiation to neurons and suggest a possibility to use LINGO-1 inhibitors to compensate for neuronal cell loss in the injured brain.

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keywords
Animals, Antibodies, Neutralizing, Cell Count, Cell Differentiation, Cell Proliferation, Cell Survival, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Neural Stem Cells, Neurons
in
PLoS ONE
volume
7
issue
1
publisher
Public Library of Science
external identifiers
  • scopus:84855312691
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0029771
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
b0a89b92-635b-4ed8-8457-4acd1a768868
date added to LUP
2018-03-03 15:32:00
date last changed
2018-10-29 10:37:01
@article{b0a89b92-635b-4ed8-8457-4acd1a768868,
  abstract     = {<p>Identifying external factors that can be used to control neural stem cells division and their differentiation to neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes is of high scientific and clinical interest. Here we show that the Nogo-66 receptor interacting protein LINGO-1 is a potent regulator of neural stem cell maturation to neurons. LINGO-1 is expressed by cortical neural stem cells from E14 mouse embryos and inhibition of LINGO-1 during the first days of neural stem cell differentiation results in decreased neuronal maturation. Compared to neurons in control cultures, which after 6 days of differentiation have long extending neurites, neurons in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies retain an immature, round phenotype with only very short processes. Furthermore, neutralization of LINGO-1 results in a threefold increase in βIII tubulin-positive cells compared to untreated control cultures. By using BrdU incorporation assays we show that the immature neurons in LINGO-1 neutralized cultures are dividing neuroblasts. In contrast to control cultures, in which no cells were double positive for βIII tubulin and BrdU, 36% of the neurons in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies were proliferating after three days of differentiation. TUNEL assays revealed that the amount of cells going through apoptosis during the early phase of differentiation was significantly decreased in cultures treated with anti-LINGO-1 antibodies compared to untreated control cultures. Taken together, our results demonstrate a novel role for LINGO-1 in neural stem cell differentiation to neurons and suggest a possibility to use LINGO-1 inhibitors to compensate for neuronal cell loss in the injured brain.</p>},
  articleno    = {e29771},
  author       = {Lööv, Camilla and Fernqvist, Maria and Walmsley, Adrian and Marklund, Niklas and Erlandsson, Anna},
  issn         = {1932-6203},
  keyword      = {Animals,Antibodies, Neutralizing,Cell Count,Cell Differentiation,Cell Proliferation,Cell Survival,Gene Expression Regulation,Humans,Membrane Proteins,Mice,Mice, Inbred C57BL,Nerve Tissue Proteins,Neural Stem Cells,Neurons},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {Public Library of Science},
  series       = {PLoS ONE},
  title        = {Neutralization of LINGO-1 during in vitro differentiation of neural stem cells results in proliferation of immature neurons},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0029771},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}