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Phosphorus and Potassium Metasomatic Enrichment in the Mantle Source of the c. 1450-1425 Ma Michael-Shabogamo Gabbro of Eastern Laurentia

Rogers, Chris ; Cousens, Brian ; Ernst, Richard E. and Söderlund, Ulf LU (2019) In Journal of Petrology 60(1). p.57-83
Abstract

A c. 1450 Ma, east-west-oriented suite of Proterozoic mafic intrusions in eastern Canada, located between Labrador City and coastal Labrador near Rigolet, has been divided into two groups: the Shabogamo Gabbro, which is exposed west of Churchill Falls, and the Michael Gabbro, which crops out east of Churchill Falls. Both suites of gabbro are within-plate tholeiites that range from sub-alkaline basalt to basaltic andesite in composition and are enriched in P2O5 and K2O. Collectively, the two suites are better interpreted as a single magmatic event, termed the Michael- Shabogamo Gabbro (MSG), with ages ranging from 1425 to 1450 Ma, based on new U-Pb isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry baddeleyite ages of 144963, 143764... (More)

A c. 1450 Ma, east-west-oriented suite of Proterozoic mafic intrusions in eastern Canada, located between Labrador City and coastal Labrador near Rigolet, has been divided into two groups: the Shabogamo Gabbro, which is exposed west of Churchill Falls, and the Michael Gabbro, which crops out east of Churchill Falls. Both suites of gabbro are within-plate tholeiites that range from sub-alkaline basalt to basaltic andesite in composition and are enriched in P2O5 and K2O. Collectively, the two suites are better interpreted as a single magmatic event, termed the Michael- Shabogamo Gabbro (MSG), with ages ranging from 1425 to 1450 Ma, based on new U-Pb isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry baddeleyite ages of 144963, 143764 and 1435610 Ma, along with previously published ages. Within the MSG, two geochemical groups are evident. Most notably, each is characterized by differing P2O5/Zr (P/Zr) ratios: (1) a high P/Zr group, c. 1425-1437 Ma; (2) a low P/Zr group, c. 1435-1450 Ma. The positive slope of P2O5 versus Zr data arrays for each group indicates that melting of apatite was pivotal in influencing the rare earth element concentrations of the MSG magmas and their secular changes in geochemistry. K2O is enriched in the MSG relative to enriched mid-ocean ridge basalts and is correlated with P2O5, Ba and Rb. Multiple origins for the enrichment of P2O5 and K2O in the MSG are considered and the available evidence is most consistent with melting of a metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle source interpreted to originate by infiltration of partial melts of phosphate-rich sediments. A slab window is proposed to have facilitated lithospheric melting at c. 1425-1450 Ma.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
geochemistry, geochronology, metasomatism, slab window, subduction
in
Journal of Petrology
volume
60
issue
1
pages
27 pages
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85062558340
ISSN
0022-3530
DOI
10.1093/petrology/egy104
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c019548b-ef89-4752-903c-30cc97661b4c
date added to LUP
2019-03-18 14:27:25
date last changed
2020-01-13 01:33:52
@article{c019548b-ef89-4752-903c-30cc97661b4c,
  abstract     = {<p>A c. 1450 Ma, east-west-oriented suite of Proterozoic mafic intrusions in eastern Canada, located between Labrador City and coastal Labrador near Rigolet, has been divided into two groups: the Shabogamo Gabbro, which is exposed west of Churchill Falls, and the Michael Gabbro, which crops out east of Churchill Falls. Both suites of gabbro are within-plate tholeiites that range from sub-alkaline basalt to basaltic andesite in composition and are enriched in P2O5 and K2O. Collectively, the two suites are better interpreted as a single magmatic event, termed the Michael- Shabogamo Gabbro (MSG), with ages ranging from 1425 to 1450 Ma, based on new U-Pb isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry baddeleyite ages of 144963, 143764 and 1435610 Ma, along with previously published ages. Within the MSG, two geochemical groups are evident. Most notably, each is characterized by differing P2O5/Zr (P/Zr) ratios: (1) a high P/Zr group, c. 1425-1437 Ma; (2) a low P/Zr group, c. 1435-1450 Ma. The positive slope of P2O5 versus Zr data arrays for each group indicates that melting of apatite was pivotal in influencing the rare earth element concentrations of the MSG magmas and their secular changes in geochemistry. K2O is enriched in the MSG relative to enriched mid-ocean ridge basalts and is correlated with P2O5, Ba and Rb. Multiple origins for the enrichment of P2O5 and K2O in the MSG are considered and the available evidence is most consistent with melting of a metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle source interpreted to originate by infiltration of partial melts of phosphate-rich sediments. A slab window is proposed to have facilitated lithospheric melting at c. 1425-1450 Ma.</p>},
  author       = {Rogers, Chris and Cousens, Brian and Ernst, Richard E. and Söderlund, Ulf},
  issn         = {0022-3530},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {57--83},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Journal of Petrology},
  title        = {Phosphorus and Potassium Metasomatic Enrichment in the Mantle Source of the c. 1450-1425 Ma Michael-Shabogamo Gabbro of Eastern Laurentia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egy104},
  doi          = {10.1093/petrology/egy104},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2019},
}