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Skin-to-skin contact is associated with earlier breastfeeding attainment in preterm infants

Oras, Paola; Thernström Blomqvist, Ylva; Hedberg Nyqvist, Kerstin; Gradin, Maria; Rubertsson, Christine LU ; Hellström-Westas, Lena LU and Funkquist, Eva Lotta (2016) In Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics 105(7). p.783-789
Abstract

Aim This study investigated the effects of skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding attainment, duration and infant growth in preterm infants, as this has not been sufficiently explored. Methods A prospective longitudinal study on Kangaroo mother care was carried out, comprising 104 infants with a gestational age of 28 + 0 to 33 + 6 and followed up to one year of corrected age. Parents and staff recorded the duration of skin-to skin contact during the stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Medical data were collected through patient records, and follow-up questionnaires were filled in by parents. Results The 53 infants who attained full breastfeeding in the NICU did so at a median (range) of 35 + 0 (32 + 1 to 37 + 5) weeks of... (More)

Aim This study investigated the effects of skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding attainment, duration and infant growth in preterm infants, as this has not been sufficiently explored. Methods A prospective longitudinal study on Kangaroo mother care was carried out, comprising 104 infants with a gestational age of 28 + 0 to 33 + 6 and followed up to one year of corrected age. Parents and staff recorded the duration of skin-to skin contact during the stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Medical data were collected through patient records, and follow-up questionnaires were filled in by parents. Results The 53 infants who attained full breastfeeding in the NICU did so at a median (range) of 35 + 0 (32 + 1 to 37 + 5) weeks of postmenstrual age, and skin-to-skin contact was the only factor that influenced earlier attainment in the regression analysis (R2 0.215 p < 0.001). The daily duration of skin-to-skin contact during the stay in the NICU did not affect the duration of breastfeeding or infant growth after discharge. Furthermore, infant growth was not affected by the feeding strategy of exclusive, partial breastfeeding or no breastfeeding. Conclusion A longer daily duration of skin-to-skin contact in the NICU was associated with earlier attainment of exclusive breastfeeding.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
keywords
Breastfeeding duration, family-centred care, human milk, infant growth, Kangaroo mother care
in
Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
volume
105
issue
7
pages
7 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:84969916270
ISSN
0803-5253
DOI
10.1111/apa.13431
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
c04f087c-2ba3-4617-a871-6f4506c80e81
date added to LUP
2017-10-27 13:39:47
date last changed
2017-10-30 12:25:11
@article{c04f087c-2ba3-4617-a871-6f4506c80e81,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim This study investigated the effects of skin-to-skin contact on breastfeeding attainment, duration and infant growth in preterm infants, as this has not been sufficiently explored. Methods A prospective longitudinal study on Kangaroo mother care was carried out, comprising 104 infants with a gestational age of 28 + 0 to 33 + 6 and followed up to one year of corrected age. Parents and staff recorded the duration of skin-to skin contact during the stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Medical data were collected through patient records, and follow-up questionnaires were filled in by parents. Results The 53 infants who attained full breastfeeding in the NICU did so at a median (range) of 35 + 0 (32 + 1 to 37 + 5) weeks of postmenstrual age, and skin-to-skin contact was the only factor that influenced earlier attainment in the regression analysis (R<sup>2</sup> 0.215 p &lt; 0.001). The daily duration of skin-to-skin contact during the stay in the NICU did not affect the duration of breastfeeding or infant growth after discharge. Furthermore, infant growth was not affected by the feeding strategy of exclusive, partial breastfeeding or no breastfeeding. Conclusion A longer daily duration of skin-to-skin contact in the NICU was associated with earlier attainment of exclusive breastfeeding.</p>},
  author       = {Oras, Paola and Thernström Blomqvist, Ylva and Hedberg Nyqvist, Kerstin and Gradin, Maria and Rubertsson, Christine and Hellström-Westas, Lena and Funkquist, Eva Lotta},
  issn         = {0803-5253},
  keyword      = {Breastfeeding duration,family-centred care,human milk,infant growth,Kangaroo mother care},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {783--789},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics},
  title        = {Skin-to-skin contact is associated with earlier breastfeeding attainment in preterm infants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.13431},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2016},
}