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Climate warming and land-use changes drive broad-scale floristic changes in Southern Sweden

Tyler, Torbjörn LU ; Herbertsson, Lina LU ; Olsson, Pål Axel LU ; Fröberg, Lars LU ; Olsson, Kjell-Arne; Svensson, Åke and Olsson, Ola LU (2018) In Global Change Biology 2018.
Abstract
Land-use changes, pollution and climate warming during the 20th century have
caused changes in biodiversity across the world. However, in many cases, the environmental drivers are poorly understood. To identify and rank the drivers currently
causing broad-scale floristic changes in N Europe, we analysed data from two vascular
plant surveys of 200 randomly selected 2.5 9 2.5 km grid-squares in Scania,
southernmost Sweden, conducted 1989–2006 and 2008–2015, respectively, and
related the change in frequency (performance) of the species to a wide range of
species-specific plant traits. We chose traits representing all plausible drivers of
recent floristic changes: climatic change (northern distribution limit,... (More)
Land-use changes, pollution and climate warming during the 20th century have
caused changes in biodiversity across the world. However, in many cases, the environmental drivers are poorly understood. To identify and rank the drivers currently
causing broad-scale floristic changes in N Europe, we analysed data from two vascular
plant surveys of 200 randomly selected 2.5 9 2.5 km grid-squares in Scania,
southernmost Sweden, conducted 1989–2006 and 2008–2015, respectively, and
related the change in frequency (performance) of the species to a wide range of
species-specific plant traits. We chose traits representing all plausible drivers of
recent floristic changes: climatic change (northern distribution limit, flowering time),
land-use change (light requirement, response to grazing/mowing, response to soil
disturbance), drainage (water requirement), acidification (pH optimum), nitrogen
deposition and eutrophication (N requirement, N fixation ability, carnivory, parasitism,
mycorrhizal associations), pollinator decline (mode of reproduction) and
changes in CO2 levels (photosynthetic pathway). Our results suggest that climate
warming and changes in land-use were the main drivers of changes in the flora during
the last decades. Climate warming appeared as the most influential driver, with
northern distribution limit explaining 30%–60% of the variance in the GLMM models.
However, the relative importance of the drivers differed among habitat types,
with grassland species being affected the most by cessation of grazing/mowing and
species of ruderal habitats by on-going concentration of both agriculture and human
population to the most productive soils. For wetland species, only pH optimum was
significantly related to species performance, possibly an effect of the increasing
humification of acidic water bodies. An observed relative decline of mycorrhizal species may possibly be explained by decreasing nitrogen deposition resulting in less
competition for phosphorus. We found no effect of shortage or decline of pollinating
lepidopterans and bees. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
bee decline, citizen science, grazing, humification, mycorrhiza, nitrogen deposition, phenology, plant traits
in
Global Change Biology
volume
2018
pages
15 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85040641260
ISSN
1354-1013
DOI
10.1111/gcb.14031
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c20ccf6b-c4fb-4c7b-bc6e-b7a9987401a2
date added to LUP
2018-01-18 11:36:29
date last changed
2018-01-31 03:00:02
@article{c20ccf6b-c4fb-4c7b-bc6e-b7a9987401a2,
  abstract     = {Land-use changes, pollution and climate warming during the 20th century have<br/>caused changes in biodiversity across the world. However, in many cases, the environmental drivers are poorly understood. To identify and rank the drivers currently<br/>causing broad-scale floristic changes in N Europe, we analysed data from two vascular<br/>plant surveys of 200 randomly selected 2.5 9 2.5 km grid-squares in Scania,<br/>southernmost Sweden, conducted 1989–2006 and 2008–2015, respectively, and<br/>related the change in frequency (performance) of the species to a wide range of<br/>species-specific plant traits. We chose traits representing all plausible drivers of<br/>recent floristic changes: climatic change (northern distribution limit, flowering time),<br/>land-use change (light requirement, response to grazing/mowing, response to soil<br/>disturbance), drainage (water requirement), acidification (pH optimum), nitrogen<br/>deposition and eutrophication (N requirement, N fixation ability, carnivory, parasitism,<br/>mycorrhizal associations), pollinator decline (mode of reproduction) and<br/>changes in CO2 levels (photosynthetic pathway). Our results suggest that climate<br/>warming and changes in land-use were the main drivers of changes in the flora during<br/>the last decades. Climate warming appeared as the most influential driver, with<br/>northern distribution limit explaining 30%–60% of the variance in the GLMM models.<br/>However, the relative importance of the drivers differed among habitat types,<br/>with grassland species being affected the most by cessation of grazing/mowing and<br/>species of ruderal habitats by on-going concentration of both agriculture and human<br/>population to the most productive soils. For wetland species, only pH optimum was<br/>significantly related to species performance, possibly an effect of the increasing<br/>humification of acidic water bodies. An observed relative decline of mycorrhizal species may possibly be explained by decreasing nitrogen deposition resulting in less<br/>competition for phosphorus. We found no effect of shortage or decline of pollinating<br/>lepidopterans and bees.},
  author       = {Tyler, Torbjörn and Herbertsson, Lina and Olsson, Pål Axel and Fröberg, Lars and Olsson, Kjell-Arne and Svensson, Åke and Olsson, Ola},
  issn         = {1354-1013},
  keyword      = {bee decline, citizen science, grazing, humification, mycorrhiza, nitrogen deposition, phenology, plant traits},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {15},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Global Change Biology},
  title        = {Climate warming and land-use changes drive broad-scale floristic changes in Southern Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14031},
  volume       = {2018},
  year         = {2018},
}