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Temporomandibular pain in adolescents with a history of preterm birth

Nilsson, Ing Marie LU ; Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne ; Månsson, Johanna LU and Ekberg, Ewa Carin (2019) In Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 46(7). p.589-596
Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the frequency of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain among adolescents with a history of preterm birth compared to a matched control group. Methods: A group of 192 preterm-born adolescents was followed up at the age of 17-19 years and compared to matched controls. Self-report questionnaires included screening questions about TMD pain, chronic diseases, general health, depression, anxiety, anger, antisocial behaviour and self-concept. TMD pain was defined as answering “yes” to one or both of the following questions: “Do you have pain in the temple, face, temporomandibular joint or jaws once a week or more?” and “Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more often?” Data analysis was... (More)

Aim: To evaluate the frequency of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain among adolescents with a history of preterm birth compared to a matched control group. Methods: A group of 192 preterm-born adolescents was followed up at the age of 17-19 years and compared to matched controls. Self-report questionnaires included screening questions about TMD pain, chronic diseases, general health, depression, anxiety, anger, antisocial behaviour and self-concept. TMD pain was defined as answering “yes” to one or both of the following questions: “Do you have pain in the temple, face, temporomandibular joint or jaws once a week or more?” and “Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more often?” Data analysis was performed using chi-square test and logistic regression model with likelihood ratio test. Results: A TMD pain frequency of 23% of preterm-born adolescents and 26% among the controls was found, with no significant differences between the groups. Neither were there differences regarding anxiety, depression, anger or self-confidence. Within the preterm group, adolescents with TMD pain registered tension and pain in the body, trouble sleeping, stomach pain and feelings of hopelessness about the future. The controls with TMD pain, more reported having a bad life, feeling like a failure and having bodily pain. Among tested background variables, only TMJ locking or intermittent locking once a week or more was found to explain TMD pain in adolescents. Conclusion: A high frequency of TMD pain was found in both groups, one possible explanation could be TMJ dysfunction.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
adolescents, case-control study, preterm birth, psychosocial factors, screening questions, temporomandibular disorder pain
in
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
volume
46
issue
7
pages
589 - 596
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063127744
  • pmid:30807654
ISSN
0305-182X
DOI
10.1111/joor.12782
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c86de605-de48-4d44-9a30-d309f197ac5d
date added to LUP
2019-04-02 12:18:20
date last changed
2024-02-14 20:56:04
@article{c86de605-de48-4d44-9a30-d309f197ac5d,
  abstract     = {{<p>Aim: To evaluate the frequency of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain among adolescents with a history of preterm birth compared to a matched control group. Methods: A group of 192 preterm-born adolescents was followed up at the age of 17-19 years and compared to matched controls. Self-report questionnaires included screening questions about TMD pain, chronic diseases, general health, depression, anxiety, anger, antisocial behaviour and self-concept. TMD pain was defined as answering “yes” to one or both of the following questions: “Do you have pain in the temple, face, temporomandibular joint or jaws once a week or more?” and “Do you have pain when you open your mouth wide or chew once a week or more often?” Data analysis was performed using chi-square test and logistic regression model with likelihood ratio test. Results: A TMD pain frequency of 23% of preterm-born adolescents and 26% among the controls was found, with no significant differences between the groups. Neither were there differences regarding anxiety, depression, anger or self-confidence. Within the preterm group, adolescents with TMD pain registered tension and pain in the body, trouble sleeping, stomach pain and feelings of hopelessness about the future. The controls with TMD pain, more reported having a bad life, feeling like a failure and having bodily pain. Among tested background variables, only TMJ locking or intermittent locking once a week or more was found to explain TMD pain in adolescents. Conclusion: A high frequency of TMD pain was found in both groups, one possible explanation could be TMJ dysfunction.</p>}},
  author       = {{Nilsson, Ing Marie and Brogårdh-Roth, Susanne and Månsson, Johanna and Ekberg, Ewa Carin}},
  issn         = {{0305-182X}},
  keywords     = {{adolescents; case-control study; preterm birth; psychosocial factors; screening questions; temporomandibular disorder pain}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{02}},
  number       = {{7}},
  pages        = {{589--596}},
  publisher    = {{Wiley-Blackwell}},
  series       = {{Journal of Oral Rehabilitation}},
  title        = {{Temporomandibular pain in adolescents with a history of preterm birth}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joor.12782}},
  doi          = {{10.1111/joor.12782}},
  volume       = {{46}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}