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Mining, Economic Activity and Remote Sensing : Case studies from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali and Tanzania

Andersson, Magnus ; Hall, Ola LU and Boke-Olén, Niklas LU (2015) p.1-42
Abstract
Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries particularly in Africa. Mining operations, whether small- or large-scale, have an impact on local communities. Previous research focus on how the gold mining sector in Africa is dependent on policy reforms in order to enable countries to better benefit from the sector, changing environmental conditions or the structure of the economic activities in the areas surrounding mines. Here, we apply a novel analytical framework based on medium resolution satellite data for the period 2001 – 2012 to estimate the economic effects of mining in Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Through the analysis of nighttime lights, agricultural vegetation dynamics and forest change, we find a... (More)
Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries particularly in Africa. Mining operations, whether small- or large-scale, have an impact on local communities. Previous research focus on how the gold mining sector in Africa is dependent on policy reforms in order to enable countries to better benefit from the sector, changing environmental conditions or the structure of the economic activities in the areas surrounding mines. Here, we apply a novel analytical framework based on medium resolution satellite data for the period 2001 – 2012 to estimate the economic effects of mining in Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Through the analysis of nighttime lights, agricultural vegetation dynamics and forest change, we find a positive effect on average economic growth for most mining districts in Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Moreover, our analysis establishes strong relationship between statistics of agricultural production and vegetation index from satellite data on district level in Mali, Ghana and Tanzania. (Less)
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author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
CSAE Conference 2015: Economic Development in Africa
pages
1 - 42
publisher
The Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Department of Economics at Oxford University
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ce9ae17a-f93f-41ba-8525-691566a883a1
alternative location
http://muep.mau.se/handle/2043/18946
date added to LUP
2019-05-27 11:22:22
date last changed
2019-05-27 15:31:09
@inproceedings{ce9ae17a-f93f-41ba-8525-691566a883a1,
  abstract     = {Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries particularly in Africa. Mining operations, whether small- or large-scale, have an impact on local communities. Previous research focus on how the gold mining sector in Africa is dependent on policy reforms in order to enable countries to better benefit from the sector, changing environmental conditions or the structure of the economic activities in the areas surrounding mines. Here, we apply a novel analytical framework based on medium resolution satellite data for the period 2001 – 2012 to estimate the economic effects of mining in Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Through the analysis of nighttime lights, agricultural vegetation dynamics and forest change, we find a positive effect on average economic growth for most mining districts in Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Moreover, our analysis establishes strong relationship between statistics of agricultural production and vegetation index from satellite data on district level in Mali, Ghana and Tanzania.},
  author       = {Andersson, Magnus and Hall, Ola and Boke-Olén, Niklas},
  booktitle    = {CSAE Conference 2015: Economic Development in Africa},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {1--42},
  publisher    = {The Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Department of Economics at Oxford University},
  title        = {Mining, Economic Activity and Remote Sensing : Case studies from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali and Tanzania},
  url          = {http://muep.mau.se/handle/2043/18946},
  year         = {2015},
}