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Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention : Impact on Other Lifestyles

Merzaai, Bina ; Tonnesen, Hanne LU ; Rasmussen, Mette LU orcid and Lauridsen, Susanne Vahr (2021) In Seminars in Oncology Nursing 37(1).
Abstract

Objective: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles. Data Sources: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients... (More)

Objective: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles. Data Sources: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017. Conclusion: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity. Implications for Nursing Practice: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.

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author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Alcohol, Bladder cancer, Malnutrition, Physical inactivity, Smoking, Surgery
in
Seminars in Oncology Nursing
volume
37
issue
1
article number
151116
publisher
W.B. Saunders
external identifiers
  • pmid:33422365
  • scopus:85099029893
ISSN
0749-2081
DOI
10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cee4d885-27ca-4d43-9af4-b683c959a174
date added to LUP
2021-01-20 08:05:27
date last changed
2022-12-01 05:52:38
@article{cee4d885-27ca-4d43-9af4-b683c959a174,
  abstract     = {{<p>Objective: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles. Data Sources: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017. Conclusion: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity. Implications for Nursing Practice: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.</p>}},
  author       = {{Merzaai, Bina and Tonnesen, Hanne and Rasmussen, Mette and Lauridsen, Susanne Vahr}},
  issn         = {{0749-2081}},
  keywords     = {{Alcohol; Bladder cancer; Malnutrition; Physical inactivity; Smoking; Surgery}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{01}},
  number       = {{1}},
  publisher    = {{W.B. Saunders}},
  series       = {{Seminars in Oncology Nursing}},
  title        = {{Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention : Impact on Other Lifestyles}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116}},
  volume       = {{37}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}