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Urinary Extracellular Vesicles of Podocyte Origin and Renal Injury in Preeclampsia

Gilani, Sarwat I; Dolberg Anderson, Ulrik LU ; Jayachandran, Muthuvel; Weissgerber, Tracey L; Zand, Ladan; White, Wendy M; Milic, Natasa M; Suarez, Maria Lourdes Gonzalez; Vallapureddy, Rangit Reddy and Nääv, Åsa LU , et al. (2017) In Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 28(11). p.3363-3372
Abstract

Renal histologic expression of the podocyte-specific protein, nephrin, but not podocin, is reduced in preeclamptic compared with normotensive pregnancies. We hypothesized that renal expression of podocyte-specific proteins would be reflected in urinary extracellular vesicles (EVs) of podocyte origin and accompanied by increased urinary soluble nephrin levels (nephrinuria) in preeclampsia. We further postulated that podocyte injury and attendant formation of EVs are related mechanistically to cellfree fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in maternal plasma. Our study population included preeclamptic (n=49) and normotensive (n=42) pregnant women recruited at delivery. Plasma measurements included HbF concentrations and concentrations of the endogenous... (More)

Renal histologic expression of the podocyte-specific protein, nephrin, but not podocin, is reduced in preeclamptic compared with normotensive pregnancies. We hypothesized that renal expression of podocyte-specific proteins would be reflected in urinary extracellular vesicles (EVs) of podocyte origin and accompanied by increased urinary soluble nephrin levels (nephrinuria) in preeclampsia. We further postulated that podocyte injury and attendant formation of EVs are related mechanistically to cellfree fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in maternal plasma. Our study population included preeclamptic (n=49) and normotensive (n=42) pregnant women recruited at delivery. Plasma measurements included HbF concentrations and concentrations of the endogenous chelators haptoglobin, hemopexin, and α1- microglobulin. We assessed concentrations of urinary EVs containing immunologically detectable podocyte-specific proteins by digital flow cytometry and measured nephrinuria by ELISA. The mechanistic role of HbF in podocyte injury was studied in pregnant rabbits. Compared with urine from women with normotensive pregnancies, urine from women with preeclamptic pregnancies contained a high ratio of podocin-positive to nephrin-positive urinary EVs (podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio) and increased nephrinuria, both of which correlated with proteinuria. Plasma levels of hemopexin, which were decreased in women with preeclampsia, negatively correlated with proteinuria, urinary podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio, and nephrinuria. Administration of HbF to pregnant rabbits increased the number of urinary EVs of podocyte origin. These findings provide evidence that urinary EVs are reflective of preeclampsia-related altered podocyte protein expression. Furthermore, renal injury in preeclampsia associated with an elevated urinary podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio and may be mediated by prolonged exposure to cellfree HbF.

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Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
volume
28
issue
11
pages
3363 - 3372
external identifiers
  • scopus:85032621748
  • wos:000414419000026
ISSN
1533-3450
DOI
10.1681/ASN.2016111202
language
English
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yes
id
d06c7410-0979-4cc9-84d5-0bf6701b3ff4
date added to LUP
2017-08-31 14:01:41
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:24:15
@article{d06c7410-0979-4cc9-84d5-0bf6701b3ff4,
  abstract     = {<p>Renal histologic expression of the podocyte-specific protein, nephrin, but not podocin, is reduced in preeclamptic compared with normotensive pregnancies. We hypothesized that renal expression of podocyte-specific proteins would be reflected in urinary extracellular vesicles (EVs) of podocyte origin and accompanied by increased urinary soluble nephrin levels (nephrinuria) in preeclampsia. We further postulated that podocyte injury and attendant formation of EVs are related mechanistically to cellfree fetal hemoglobin (HbF) in maternal plasma. Our study population included preeclamptic (n=49) and normotensive (n=42) pregnant women recruited at delivery. Plasma measurements included HbF concentrations and concentrations of the endogenous chelators haptoglobin, hemopexin, and α1- microglobulin. We assessed concentrations of urinary EVs containing immunologically detectable podocyte-specific proteins by digital flow cytometry and measured nephrinuria by ELISA. The mechanistic role of HbF in podocyte injury was studied in pregnant rabbits. Compared with urine from women with normotensive pregnancies, urine from women with preeclamptic pregnancies contained a high ratio of podocin-positive to nephrin-positive urinary EVs (podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio) and increased nephrinuria, both of which correlated with proteinuria. Plasma levels of hemopexin, which were decreased in women with preeclampsia, negatively correlated with proteinuria, urinary podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio, and nephrinuria. Administration of HbF to pregnant rabbits increased the number of urinary EVs of podocyte origin. These findings provide evidence that urinary EVs are reflective of preeclampsia-related altered podocyte protein expression. Furthermore, renal injury in preeclampsia associated with an elevated urinary podocin(+) EVs-to-nephrin(+) EVs ratio and may be mediated by prolonged exposure to cellfree HbF.</p>},
  author       = {Gilani, Sarwat I and Dolberg Anderson, Ulrik and Jayachandran, Muthuvel and Weissgerber, Tracey L and Zand, Ladan and White, Wendy M and Milic, Natasa M and Suarez, Maria Lourdes Gonzalez and Vallapureddy, Rangit Reddy and Nääv, Åsa and Erlandsson, Lena and Lieske, John C and Grande, Joseph P and Nath, Karl A and Hansson, Stefan R. and Garovic, Vesna D},
  issn         = {1533-3450},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {3363--3372},
  series       = {Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN},
  title        = {Urinary Extracellular Vesicles of Podocyte Origin and Renal Injury in Preeclampsia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2016111202},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2017},
}