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Novel process technologies for conversion of carbon dioxide from industrial flue gas streams into methanol

Abdelaziz, Omar Y. LU ; Hosny , Wafaa M.; Gadalla, Mamdouh A.; Ashour, Fatma H. ; Ashour, Ibrahim A. and Hulteberg, Christian LU (2017) In Journal of CO2 Utilization 21. p.52-63
Abstract
This research aims to develop efficient process technologies that are capable of converting/utilising CO2 streams into energy-rich liquid products (fuels). This would result in better solutions with near-zero-carbon-emissions level. From an energetic and economic point of view, methanol synthesis from CO2 is a competitive alternate to methanol production from biomass. Our work considers the CO2 balance for the technologies proposed, taking into account all CO2 flows from/to the environment. Flue gas CO2 streams released from electric power stations, steel industry, petroleum industry, and cement industry are good candidates for the developed technologies. Three new processes are developed and modelled for converting CO2 streams into liquid... (More)
This research aims to develop efficient process technologies that are capable of converting/utilising CO2 streams into energy-rich liquid products (fuels). This would result in better solutions with near-zero-carbon-emissions level. From an energetic and economic point of view, methanol synthesis from CO2 is a competitive alternate to methanol production from biomass. Our work considers the CO2 balance for the technologies proposed, taking into account all CO2 flows from/to the environment. Flue gas CO2 streams released from electric power stations, steel industry, petroleum industry, and cement industry are good candidates for the developed technologies. Three new processes are developed and modelled for converting CO2 streams into liquid methanol. The total cost of equipment and utility for all process scenarios are evaluated and compared. The energy targets as well as the CO2 emissions (balance) are determined. Heat integration is performed on the best selected process technology. The case study employed for the present work is a power station plant burning natural gas for electricity production with a capacity of 112 MW, releasing 328 t/h flue gases to the atmosphere, of which CO2 gas accounts for 14%; hydrogen required for CO2 conversion comes from the chlor-alkali industry. The optimum process technology reached in this contribution results in methanol production of 0.625 t-per-tonne of CO2 waste gas supply, leading to an annual production of 222,507 tons methanol with a profit of 56.55 M$/y. Thus, the CO2 release to the environment is cut by about 62%. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of CO2 Utilization
volume
21
pages
52 - 63
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85021719716
ISSN
2212-9820
DOI
10.1016/j.jcou.2017.06.018
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d0a44a0a-dbf6-457c-942a-0c69138a88b4
date added to LUP
2017-07-09 12:45:36
date last changed
2017-07-23 05:30:47
@article{d0a44a0a-dbf6-457c-942a-0c69138a88b4,
  abstract     = {This research aims to develop efficient process technologies that are capable of converting/utilising CO2 streams into energy-rich liquid products (fuels). This would result in better solutions with near-zero-carbon-emissions level. From an energetic and economic point of view, methanol synthesis from CO2 is a competitive alternate to methanol production from biomass. Our work considers the CO2 balance for the technologies proposed, taking into account all CO2 flows from/to the environment. Flue gas CO2 streams released from electric power stations, steel industry, petroleum industry, and cement industry are good candidates for the developed technologies. Three new processes are developed and modelled for converting CO2 streams into liquid methanol. The total cost of equipment and utility for all process scenarios are evaluated and compared. The energy targets as well as the CO2 emissions (balance) are determined. Heat integration is performed on the best selected process technology. The case study employed for the present work is a power station plant burning natural gas for electricity production with a capacity of 112 MW, releasing 328 t/h flue gases to the atmosphere, of which CO2 gas accounts for 14%; hydrogen required for CO2 conversion comes from the chlor-alkali industry. The optimum process technology reached in this contribution results in methanol production of 0.625 t-per-tonne of CO2 waste gas supply, leading to an annual production of 222,507 tons methanol with a profit of 56.55 M$/y. Thus, the CO2 release to the environment is cut by about 62%.},
  author       = {Abdelaziz, Omar Y. and Hosny , Wafaa M. and Gadalla, Mamdouh A. and Ashour, Fatma H.  and Ashour, Ibrahim A.  and Hulteberg, Christian},
  issn         = {2212-9820},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {52--63},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of CO2 Utilization},
  title        = {Novel process technologies for conversion of carbon dioxide from industrial flue gas streams into methanol},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcou.2017.06.018},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2017},
}