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Cytogenetic aberrations and heterogeneity of mutations in repeat-containing genes in a colon carcinoma from a patient with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.

Planck, Maria LU ; Halvarsson, Britta LU ; Pålsson, Eva LU ; Hallén, Magnus LU ; Ekelund, Mats LU ; Pålsson, Birger LU ; Baldetorp, Bo LU and Nilbert, Mef LU (2002) In Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 134(1). p.46-54
Abstract
The majority of tumors from patients affected by hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) exhibit a mutator phenotype characterized by widespread microsatellite instability (MSI) and somatic mutations in repeated sequences in several cancer-associated genes. An inverse relationship between MSI and chromosomal instability (CIN) has been demonstrated and HNPCC-associated tumors are generally characterized by diploid or near-diploid cells with few or no chromosomal rearrangements. We have studied MSI, somatic mutations in repeat-containing genes, DNA-ploidy, and cytogenetic aberrations in a colon carcinoma from a patient with a germline MLH1 mutation. Mutations in coding repeats were assessed in 10 macroscopically separate areas of... (More)
The majority of tumors from patients affected by hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) exhibit a mutator phenotype characterized by widespread microsatellite instability (MSI) and somatic mutations in repeated sequences in several cancer-associated genes. An inverse relationship between MSI and chromosomal instability (CIN) has been demonstrated and HNPCC-associated tumors are generally characterized by diploid or near-diploid cells with few or no chromosomal rearrangements. We have studied MSI, somatic mutations in repeat-containing genes, DNA-ploidy, and cytogenetic aberrations in a colon carcinoma from a patient with a germline MLH1 mutation. Mutations in coding repeats were assessed in 10 macroscopically separate areas of the primary tumor and in two lymph nodes. Some of the genes studied (E2F4, MSH3, MSH6, TCF4, and TGFBRII) showed a consistent lack of mutations, whereas others (BAX, Caspase-5 and IGFIIR) displayed alterations in some tumor regions but not in others. The tumor had DNA-index 1.1-1.2 and a stable, aberrant karyotype with extra copies of chromosomes 7 and 12 and the structural aberrations i(1q), der(20)t(8;20), and der(22)t(1;22). The finding of CIN, MSI, and somatic mutations in coding repeats in this tumor suggests that these phenomena may act together in HNPCC tumorigenesis. Furthermore, the observed intratumoral heterogeneity of mutations in coding repeats implies these changes occur late in tumorigenesis and, thus, probably play a role in tumor progression rather than initiation. (Less)
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@article{d4235d88-1939-40ab-905e-8f78fa9c9904,
  abstract     = {The majority of tumors from patients affected by hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) exhibit a mutator phenotype characterized by widespread microsatellite instability (MSI) and somatic mutations in repeated sequences in several cancer-associated genes. An inverse relationship between MSI and chromosomal instability (CIN) has been demonstrated and HNPCC-associated tumors are generally characterized by diploid or near-diploid cells with few or no chromosomal rearrangements. We have studied MSI, somatic mutations in repeat-containing genes, DNA-ploidy, and cytogenetic aberrations in a colon carcinoma from a patient with a germline MLH1 mutation. Mutations in coding repeats were assessed in 10 macroscopically separate areas of the primary tumor and in two lymph nodes. Some of the genes studied (E2F4, MSH3, MSH6, TCF4, and TGFBRII) showed a consistent lack of mutations, whereas others (BAX, Caspase-5 and IGFIIR) displayed alterations in some tumor regions but not in others. The tumor had DNA-index 1.1-1.2 and a stable, aberrant karyotype with extra copies of chromosomes 7 and 12 and the structural aberrations i(1q), der(20)t(8;20), and der(22)t(1;22). The finding of CIN, MSI, and somatic mutations in coding repeats in this tumor suggests that these phenomena may act together in HNPCC tumorigenesis. Furthermore, the observed intratumoral heterogeneity of mutations in coding repeats implies these changes occur late in tumorigenesis and, thus, probably play a role in tumor progression rather than initiation.},
  author       = {Planck, Maria and Halvarsson, Britta and Pålsson, Eva and Hallén, Magnus and Ekelund, Mats and Pålsson, Birger and Baldetorp, Bo and Nilbert, Mef},
  issn         = {0165-4608},
  keyword      = {DNA Mutational Analysis,Neoplasm : chemistry,DNA,Neoplasm : genetics,Female,Flow Cytometry,Genetic Heterogeneity,Genetic Predisposition to Disease : genetics,Human,In Situ Hybridization,Fluorescence,Karyotyping,Microsatellite Repeats,Mutation,Neoplasm Proteins : genetics,Nucleic Acid : genetics,Repetitive Sequences,Ploidies,Support,Non-U.S. Gov't,Hereditary Nonpolyposis : pathology,Colorectal Neoplasms,Hereditary Nonpolyposis : genetics,Colonic Neoplasms : pathology,Colonic Neoplasms : genetics,Chromosome Aberrations},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {46--54},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics},
  title        = {Cytogenetic aberrations and heterogeneity of mutations in repeat-containing genes in a colon carcinoma from a patient with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-4608(01)00587-8},
  volume       = {134},
  year         = {2002},
}