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Botanical evidence of malt for beer production in fifth–seventh Century Uppåkra, Sweden

Larsson, Mikael LU ; Svensson, Andreas LU and Apel, Jan LU (2019) In Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 11(5). p.1961-1972
Abstract
The excavation of a low-temperature kiln structure at an affluent Iron Age regional center, Uppåkra, located in southern Sweden, revealed from archeobotanical samples and its context evidence of malting in the process to make beer. Carbonized germinated hulled barley grain (Hordeum vulgare) was recovered from the kiln structure itself and from the surrounding occupational
surface. Located somewhat from the central area of the site, where previous excavations have uncovered hall-buildings, a ceremonial structure, and several smaller houses, the investigated kiln was situated in an area on the site that is absent of remains to indicate a living quarter. Activities using kilns have instead primarily been linked to this area and... (More)
The excavation of a low-temperature kiln structure at an affluent Iron Age regional center, Uppåkra, located in southern Sweden, revealed from archeobotanical samples and its context evidence of malting in the process to make beer. Carbonized germinated hulled barley grain (Hordeum vulgare) was recovered from the kiln structure itself and from the surrounding occupational
surface. Located somewhat from the central area of the site, where previous excavations have uncovered hall-buildings, a ceremonial structure, and several smaller houses, the investigated kiln was situated in an area on the site that is absent of remains to indicate a living quarter. Activities using kilns have instead primarily been linked to this area and archeological finds are mainly of charred crops remains. In this paper, we argue that the germination of grain was deliberate and that the kiln was used to stop the germination process by drying or roasting the grain. If the malting process for large-scale beer production was carried out at a designated area of the site is discussed, as well as if this activity area was part of a structural organization observed elsewhere on the settlement.
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Abstract (Swedish)
The excavation of a low-temperature kiln structure at an affluent Iron Age regional center, Uppåkra, located in southern Sweden, revealed from archeobotanical samples and its context evidence of malting in the process to make beer. Carbonized germinated hulled barley grain (Hordeum vulgare) was recovered from the kiln structure itself and from the surrounding occupational
surface. Located somewhat from the central area of the site, where previous excavations have uncovered hall-buildings, a ceremonial structure, and several smaller houses, the investigated kiln was situated in an area on the site that is absent of remains to indicate a living quarter. Activities using kilns have instead primarily been linked to this area and... (More)
The excavation of a low-temperature kiln structure at an affluent Iron Age regional center, Uppåkra, located in southern Sweden, revealed from archeobotanical samples and its context evidence of malting in the process to make beer. Carbonized germinated hulled barley grain (Hordeum vulgare) was recovered from the kiln structure itself and from the surrounding occupational
surface. Located somewhat from the central area of the site, where previous excavations have uncovered hall-buildings, a ceremonial structure, and several smaller houses, the investigated kiln was situated in an area on the site that is absent of remains to indicate a living quarter. Activities using kilns have instead primarily been linked to this area and archeological finds are mainly of charred crops remains. In this paper, we argue that the germination of grain was deliberate and that the kiln was used to stop the germination process by drying or roasting the grain. If the malting process for large-scale beer production was carried out at a designated area of the site is discussed, as well as if this activity area was part of a structural organization observed elsewhere on the settlement.
(Less)
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keywords
Hordeum vulgare, Hordeum vulgare ssp vulgare, Beer production, malting, Kiln, Scandinavian Iron Age, Uppåkra, Hordeum vulgare, Hordeum vulgare ssp vulgare, Beer production, malting, Kiln, Scandinavian Iron Age, Uppåkra
in
Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
volume
11
issue
5
pages
1961 - 1972
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85046531555
ISSN
1866-9565
DOI
10.1007/s12520-018-0642-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d62ae03d-e9ab-43bd-98fe-2a9e80df2386
date added to LUP
2018-05-11 09:44:39
date last changed
2020-04-07 04:51:05
@article{d62ae03d-e9ab-43bd-98fe-2a9e80df2386,
  abstract     = {The excavation of a low-temperature kiln structure at an affluent Iron Age regional center, Uppåkra, located in southern Sweden, revealed from archeobotanical samples and its context evidence of malting in the process to make beer. Carbonized germinated hulled barley grain (Hordeum vulgare) was recovered from the kiln structure itself and from the surrounding occupational<br/>surface. Located somewhat from the central area of the site, where previous excavations have uncovered hall-buildings, a ceremonial structure, and several smaller houses, the investigated kiln was situated in an area on the site that is absent of remains to indicate a living quarter. Activities using kilns have instead primarily been linked to this area and archeological finds are mainly of charred crops remains. In this paper, we argue that the germination of grain was deliberate and that the kiln was used to stop the germination process by drying or roasting the grain. If the malting process for large-scale beer production was carried out at a designated area of the site is discussed, as well as if this activity area was part of a structural organization observed elsewhere on the settlement.<br/>},
  author       = {Larsson, Mikael and Svensson, Andreas and Apel, Jan},
  issn         = {1866-9565},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1961--1972},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences},
  title        = {Botanical evidence of malt for beer production in fifth–seventh Century Uppåkra, Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-018-0642-6},
  doi          = {10.1007/s12520-018-0642-6},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2019},
}