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The potential for active commuting by bicycle and its possible effects on public health

Raustorp, Johan and Koglin, Till LU (2019) In Journal of Transport and Health p.72-77
Abstract
Introduction

The World Health Organization (WHO) has concluded that physical inactivity and overweight/obesity are the world's fourth and fifth leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases, respectively. This article investigates the potential for active commuting by bicycle in Scania county, southern Sweden, and its possible impact on public health. Physical inactivity is a growing problem on both an individual and a societal level.
Method, setting and population

A complete statistical survey and geographic analysis has been carried out based on data concerning the home and work addresses of the entire working population in the county of Scania, Sweden as of the end of 2014. This data set includes a total of... (More)
Introduction

The World Health Organization (WHO) has concluded that physical inactivity and overweight/obesity are the world's fourth and fifth leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases, respectively. This article investigates the potential for active commuting by bicycle in Scania county, southern Sweden, and its possible impact on public health. Physical inactivity is a growing problem on both an individual and a societal level.
Method, setting and population

A complete statistical survey and geographic analysis has been carried out based on data concerning the home and work addresses of the entire working population in the county of Scania, Sweden as of the end of 2014. This data set includes a total of 575,959 individuals.
Results

Approximately 27.9% of the population can reach their workplace by a 15-min bicycle commute, while 47.2% can reach their workplace in 30 min. It is possible to achieve a 47.2% modal share for active transport in Scania if all individuals within cycling distance of work choose to commute by bicycle. If that were to happen, 19.2% of the working population would meet the WHO's global health recommendations just through their commutes.
Conclusion

The results demonstrate that the spatial distribution of homes and workplaces in Scania is conducive to increasing the mode share for active transport through well-designed physical environments and transport systems that prioritise physical activity. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Transport and Health
pages
72 - 77
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063127090
ISSN
2214-1405
DOI
10.1016/j.jth.2019.03.012
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d7870bef-1ff8-4ec7-8653-5bc7b3b857e0
date added to LUP
2019-03-25 11:35:44
date last changed
2019-06-09 04:57:19
@article{d7870bef-1ff8-4ec7-8653-5bc7b3b857e0,
  abstract     = {Introduction<br/><br/>The World Health Organization (WHO) has concluded that physical inactivity and overweight/obesity are the world's fourth and fifth leading risk factors for non-communicable diseases, respectively. This article investigates the potential for active commuting by bicycle in Scania county, southern Sweden, and its possible impact on public health. Physical inactivity is a growing problem on both an individual and a societal level.<br/>Method, setting and population<br/><br/>A complete statistical survey and geographic analysis has been carried out based on data concerning the home and work addresses of the entire working population in the county of Scania, Sweden as of the end of 2014. This data set includes a total of 575,959 individuals.<br/>Results<br/><br/>Approximately 27.9% of the population can reach their workplace by a 15-min bicycle commute, while 47.2% can reach their workplace in 30 min. It is possible to achieve a 47.2% modal share for active transport in Scania if all individuals within cycling distance of work choose to commute by bicycle. If that were to happen, 19.2% of the working population would meet the WHO's global health recommendations just through their commutes.<br/>Conclusion<br/><br/>The results demonstrate that the spatial distribution of homes and workplaces in Scania is conducive to increasing the mode share for active transport through well-designed physical environments and transport systems that prioritise physical activity.},
  author       = {Raustorp, Johan and Koglin, Till},
  issn         = {2214-1405},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {72--77},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Transport and Health},
  title        = {The potential for active commuting by bicycle and its possible effects on public health},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.03.012},
  year         = {2019},
}