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Physico-chemical characterisation of membrane-bound and water-soluble forms of Bacillus subtilis cytochrome c-550

von Wachenfeldt, Claes LU and Hederstedt, Lars LU (1993) In European Journal of Biochemistry
Abstract
Cytochrome c-550 of the Gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, is a membrane-bound 13-kDa protein encoded by the cccA gene. The cytochrome has been proposed to be comprised of an N-terminal membrane anchor domain (about 30 residues) which spans the cytoplasmic membrane in an alpha-helical conformation and a C-terminal heme domain (about 70 residues) which is located on the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. Cytochrome c-550 was purified in the presence of Triton X-100 and characterised. In the reduced state it shows absorption maxima at 415, 521, 550 nm and in the oxidised state a Soret band at 408 nm and a weak band at about 695 nm. The latter absorption band, together with data from amino acid sequence comparisons, strongly... (More)
Cytochrome c-550 of the Gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, is a membrane-bound 13-kDa protein encoded by the cccA gene. The cytochrome has been proposed to be comprised of an N-terminal membrane anchor domain (about 30 residues) which spans the cytoplasmic membrane in an alpha-helical conformation and a C-terminal heme domain (about 70 residues) which is located on the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. Cytochrome c-550 was purified in the presence of Triton X-100 and characterised. In the reduced state it shows absorption maxima at 415, 521, 550 nm and in the oxidised state a Soret band at 408 nm and a weak band at about 695 nm. The latter absorption band, together with data from amino acid sequence comparisons, strongly suggest His64 and Met99 as the fifth and sixth axial ligands to the heme iron in cytochrome c-550. The midpoint redox potential of the cytochrome, +178 mV, was pH-independent in the pH range 6.0-7.9. Oxidised cytochrome c-550 showed an EPR signal at g(max) = 3.41, which is unusual for low-spin cytochromes c with His/Met axial ligation. The heme domain was isolated as a tryptic fragment of 74 residues and as a protein-A-cytochrome-c-550 hybrid protein. Both these forms were water-soluble and showed thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties indistinguishable from the membrane-bound form of cytochrome c-550 and are suitable for structural analysis of the heme domain by X-ray crystallography or NMR techniques. Polypeptide analysis of the membrane-bound and water-soluble tryptic fragment confirmed that B. subtilis cytochrome c-550 in the membrane consists of 120 amino acid residues and has a two-domain structure. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
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published
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in
European Journal of Biochemistry
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0027403011
ISSN
0014-2956
DOI
10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb17687.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d94baafd-2917-41c7-bf5c-8d039d60d279
date added to LUP
2017-07-18 10:25:58
date last changed
2017-09-17 09:51:06
@article{d94baafd-2917-41c7-bf5c-8d039d60d279,
  abstract     = {Cytochrome c-550 of the Gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, is a membrane-bound 13-kDa protein encoded by the cccA gene. The cytochrome has been proposed to be comprised of an N-terminal membrane anchor domain (about 30 residues) which spans the cytoplasmic membrane in an alpha-helical conformation and a C-terminal heme domain (about 70 residues) which is located on the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane. Cytochrome c-550 was purified in the presence of Triton X-100 and characterised. In the reduced state it shows absorption maxima at 415, 521, 550 nm and in the oxidised state a Soret band at 408 nm and a weak band at about 695 nm. The latter absorption band, together with data from amino acid sequence comparisons, strongly suggest His64 and Met99 as the fifth and sixth axial ligands to the heme iron in cytochrome c-550. The midpoint redox potential of the cytochrome, +178 mV, was pH-independent in the pH range 6.0-7.9. Oxidised cytochrome c-550 showed an EPR signal at g(max) = 3.41, which is unusual for low-spin cytochromes c with His/Met axial ligation. The heme domain was isolated as a tryptic fragment of 74 residues and as a protein-A-cytochrome-c-550 hybrid protein. Both these forms were water-soluble and showed thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties indistinguishable from the membrane-bound form of cytochrome c-550 and are suitable for structural analysis of the heme domain by X-ray crystallography or NMR techniques. Polypeptide analysis of the membrane-bound and water-soluble tryptic fragment confirmed that B. subtilis cytochrome c-550 in the membrane consists of 120 amino acid residues and has a two-domain structure.},
  author       = {von Wachenfeldt, Claes and Hederstedt, Lars},
  issn         = {0014-2956},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {European Journal of Biochemistry},
  title        = {Physico-chemical characterisation of membrane-bound and water-soluble forms of <em>Bacillus subtilis</em> cytochrome c-550},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb17687.x},
  year         = {1993},
}