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Age- and Gender-Specific Normative Values for the Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS)

Cöster, Maria C LU ; Rosengren, Björn E LU ; Karlsson, Magnus K LU and Carlsson, Åke LU (2018) In Foot & Ankle International
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) is a foot- and ankle-specific patient-reported outcome measurement (PROM) score that has been validated with good results for a variety of foot and ankle disorders. SEFAS is sensitive detecting improvement or deterioration after surgery. However, normative values, required to put a specific patient's summary score into perspective, are lacking.

METHODS: In this report, we included 396 population-based men and 383 women (43% of the invited individuals), age 20-89 years, who had completed the SEFAS questionnaire and questions regarding anthropometrics and health. We used Mann-Whitney U test to test gender differences and Spearman correlation coefficients to determine any... (More)

BACKGROUND: The Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) is a foot- and ankle-specific patient-reported outcome measurement (PROM) score that has been validated with good results for a variety of foot and ankle disorders. SEFAS is sensitive detecting improvement or deterioration after surgery. However, normative values, required to put a specific patient's summary score into perspective, are lacking.

METHODS: In this report, we included 396 population-based men and 383 women (43% of the invited individuals), age 20-89 years, who had completed the SEFAS questionnaire and questions regarding anthropometrics and health. We used Mann-Whitney U test to test gender differences and Spearman correlation coefficients to determine any association between SEFAS score and age. We present gender-specific median SEFAS scores with range and 5th to 95th percentiles and mean with standard deviation.

RESULTS: The SEFAS normative values were median 48 in men (range 11-48), 5th to 95th percentiles 31 to 48 and mean 45 ± 6, and in women, median 47 (range 6-48), 5th to 95th percentiles 23 to 48 and mean 43 ± 8 (gender comparison P < .001). SEFAS normative values correlated inversely with age (r = -0.12, P < .001).

CONCLUSION: In the general population, older age was associated with lower SEFAS value, and men had higher values than women. The population-based normative SEFAS values provided in this study can facilitate quantification of disability related to foot and ankle with and without surgery in the foot and ankle.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective comparative study.

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author
organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Foot & Ankle International
pages
7 pages
publisher
Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • scopus:85050514472
ISSN
1944-7876
DOI
10.1177/1071100718788499
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
daa10c90-17a8-4e57-9de0-576deb443b1e
date added to LUP
2018-09-13 11:35:58
date last changed
2018-11-21 21:41:38
@article{daa10c90-17a8-4e57-9de0-576deb443b1e,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: The Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS) is a foot- and ankle-specific patient-reported outcome measurement (PROM) score that has been validated with good results for a variety of foot and ankle disorders. SEFAS is sensitive detecting improvement or deterioration after surgery. However, normative values, required to put a specific patient's summary score into perspective, are lacking.</p><p>METHODS: In this report, we included 396 population-based men and 383 women (43% of the invited individuals), age 20-89 years, who had completed the SEFAS questionnaire and questions regarding anthropometrics and health. We used Mann-Whitney U test to test gender differences and Spearman correlation coefficients to determine any association between SEFAS score and age. We present gender-specific median SEFAS scores with range and 5th to 95th percentiles and mean with standard deviation.</p><p>RESULTS: The SEFAS normative values were median 48 in men (range 11-48), 5th to 95th percentiles 31 to 48 and mean 45 ± 6, and in women, median 47 (range 6-48), 5th to 95th percentiles 23 to 48 and mean 43 ± 8 (gender comparison P &lt; .001). SEFAS normative values correlated inversely with age (r = -0.12, P &lt; .001).</p><p>CONCLUSION: In the general population, older age was associated with lower SEFAS value, and men had higher values than women. The population-based normative SEFAS values provided in this study can facilitate quantification of disability related to foot and ankle with and without surgery in the foot and ankle.</p><p>LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prospective comparative study.</p>},
  author       = {Cöster, Maria C and Rosengren, Björn E and Karlsson, Magnus K and Carlsson, Åke},
  issn         = {1944-7876},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {7},
  publisher    = {Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {Foot & Ankle International},
  title        = {Age- and Gender-Specific Normative Values for the Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score (SEFAS)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100718788499},
  year         = {2018},
}