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A review of the legal framework in shallow geothermal energy in selected European countries : Need for guidelines

Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P. ; Efthymiou, Loukia ; Michopoulos, Apostolos ; Mavragani, Amaryllis ; Anđelković, Aleksandar S. ; Antolini, Francesco ; Bacic, Mario ; Bajare, Diana ; Baralis, Matteo and Bogusz, Witold , et al. (2020) In Renewable Energy 147(Part 2). p.2556-2571
Abstract

Over the past years, the installations of Shallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) systems are increasing throughout Europe, and it is indicating that a specific and detailed legal framework is necessary. Towards this direction, this paper consists of an overview of legislation issues on SGE at European level, based on concise reviews from fourteen countries, i.e., Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey. Said reviews discuss key national legislation as well as experts’ experience in the procedure of SGE integration. Legal and technical issues are also critically discussed for all involved countries, both individually and collectively. Findings show that high... (More)

Over the past years, the installations of Shallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) systems are increasing throughout Europe, and it is indicating that a specific and detailed legal framework is necessary. Towards this direction, this paper consists of an overview of legislation issues on SGE at European level, based on concise reviews from fourteen countries, i.e., Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey. Said reviews discuss key national legislation as well as experts’ experience in the procedure of SGE integration. Legal and technical issues are also critically discussed for all involved countries, both individually and collectively. Findings show that high diversity exists on legislation provisions as well as on regulations, standards, and institutional support amongst European countries. The latter acts as an effective barrier for the further development of the SGE market; therefore indicating the need for a common approach. Increase of awareness, need for standardization, improvement of legal framework, and administration procedures and permitting, are essential steps in moving forward and supporting the effectiveness of design, construction, maintenance, and operation of SGE systems.

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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ground source heat pump, Legislation, Permitting, Regulations, Shallow geothermal energy systems
in
Renewable Energy
volume
147
issue
Part 2
pages
16 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85055870193
ISSN
0960-1481
DOI
10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.007
language
English
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yes
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dc65fe73-12c0-4f1d-8696-a1234816459a
date added to LUP
2018-11-09 09:14:27
date last changed
2020-07-08 04:32:10
@article{dc65fe73-12c0-4f1d-8696-a1234816459a,
  abstract     = {<p>Over the past years, the installations of Shallow Geothermal Energy (SGE) systems are increasing throughout Europe, and it is indicating that a specific and detailed legal framework is necessary. Towards this direction, this paper consists of an overview of legislation issues on SGE at European level, based on concise reviews from fourteen countries, i.e., Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey. Said reviews discuss key national legislation as well as experts’ experience in the procedure of SGE integration. Legal and technical issues are also critically discussed for all involved countries, both individually and collectively. Findings show that high diversity exists on legislation provisions as well as on regulations, standards, and institutional support amongst European countries. The latter acts as an effective barrier for the further development of the SGE market; therefore indicating the need for a common approach. Increase of awareness, need for standardization, improvement of legal framework, and administration procedures and permitting, are essential steps in moving forward and supporting the effectiveness of design, construction, maintenance, and operation of SGE systems.</p>},
  author       = {Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P. and Efthymiou, Loukia and Michopoulos, Apostolos and Mavragani, Amaryllis and Anđelković, Aleksandar S. and Antolini, Francesco and Bacic, Mario and Bajare, Diana and Baralis, Matteo and Bogusz, Witold and Burlon, Sébastien and Figueira, João and Genç, M. Serdar and Javed, Saqib and Jurelionis, Andrius and Koca, Kemal and Ryżyński, Grzegorz and Urchueguia, Javier F. and Žlender, Bojan},
  issn         = {0960-1481},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Part 2},
  pages        = {2556--2571},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Renewable Energy},
  title        = {A review of the legal framework in shallow geothermal energy in selected European countries : Need for guidelines},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.007},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.renene.2018.10.007},
  volume       = {147},
  year         = {2020},
}