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Radiological protection of foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine - Challenges for hospitals

Almén, A. LU and Mattsson, S. LU (2017) In Physica Medica 43. p.172-177
Abstract

This paper describes issues of concern for protecting foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine from unnecessary exposure of ionising radiation. The protection principle is to ensure the same level of protection for the foetus and child as for the general public. Therefore international radiation protection standards recommend a dose constraint of 1. mSv to a foetus during the remaining time of pregnancy after it is known/declared and a yearly dose constraint of 1. mSv to a breast-fed child. It is not self-evident how to guarantee this level of radiation protection.The exposure situation in nuclear medicine is complex. Exploring existing reported occupational exposure levels suggests great... (More)

This paper describes issues of concern for protecting foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine from unnecessary exposure of ionising radiation. The protection principle is to ensure the same level of protection for the foetus and child as for the general public. Therefore international radiation protection standards recommend a dose constraint of 1. mSv to a foetus during the remaining time of pregnancy after it is known/declared and a yearly dose constraint of 1. mSv to a breast-fed child. It is not self-evident how to guarantee this level of radiation protection.The exposure situation in nuclear medicine is complex. Exploring existing reported occupational exposure levels suggests great variability between work tasks and facilities. The standards and guidelines found give no detailed advice. Therefore each facility needs to systematically review external and internal exposure levels in order to plan appropriate protection measures and issue their own guidelines and rules. One strategy might be that each facility defines tasks that do not require any restrictions and lists such duties that are not suitable to do when pregnant or breastfeeding, taking also potential exposure levels into consideration. This paper gives examples of such types of work.Information to the staff about the necessity of declaring pregnancy or breastfeeding is of fundamental importance. The internal policies issued by the hospital management should make clear the basis for taking care of pregnant and breastfeeding employees.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Breast-feeding, Nuclear medicine, Occupational exposure, Pregnancy, Radiation protection, Radiation workers
in
Physica Medica
volume
43
pages
172 - 177
publisher
ISTITUTI EDITORIALI E POLGRAFICI INTERNAZIONALI
external identifiers
  • scopus:85028642246
  • wos:000417655800023
ISSN
1120-1797
DOI
10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.08.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dd89401b-bffa-4aca-8552-c3354998e892
date added to LUP
2017-10-04 16:43:20
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:20:50
@article{dd89401b-bffa-4aca-8552-c3354998e892,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper describes issues of concern for protecting foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine from unnecessary exposure of ionising radiation. The protection principle is to ensure the same level of protection for the foetus and child as for the general public. Therefore international radiation protection standards recommend a dose constraint of 1. mSv to a foetus during the remaining time of pregnancy after it is known/declared and a yearly dose constraint of 1. mSv to a breast-fed child. It is not self-evident how to guarantee this level of radiation protection.The exposure situation in nuclear medicine is complex. Exploring existing reported occupational exposure levels suggests great variability between work tasks and facilities. The standards and guidelines found give no detailed advice. Therefore each facility needs to systematically review external and internal exposure levels in order to plan appropriate protection measures and issue their own guidelines and rules. One strategy might be that each facility defines tasks that do not require any restrictions and lists such duties that are not suitable to do when pregnant or breastfeeding, taking also potential exposure levels into consideration. This paper gives examples of such types of work.Information to the staff about the necessity of declaring pregnancy or breastfeeding is of fundamental importance. The internal policies issued by the hospital management should make clear the basis for taking care of pregnant and breastfeeding employees.</p>},
  author       = {Almén, A. and Mattsson, S.},
  issn         = {1120-1797},
  keyword      = {Breast-feeding,Nuclear medicine,Occupational exposure,Pregnancy,Radiation protection,Radiation workers},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {172--177},
  publisher    = {ISTITUTI EDITORIALI E POLGRAFICI INTERNAZIONALI},
  series       = {Physica Medica},
  title        = {Radiological protection of foetuses and breast-fed children of occupationally exposed women in nuclear medicine - Challenges for hospitals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmp.2017.08.010},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2017},
}