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A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production

Dainese, Matteo ; Smith, Henrik G. LU ; Andersson, Georg K.S. LU ; Ekroos, Johan LU ; Klatt, Björn LU ; Nilsson, Lovisa LU ; Rundlöf, Maj LU ; Stewart, Rebecca LU and Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf (2019) In Science Advances 5(10).
Abstract
Human land use threatens global biodiversity and compromises multiple ecosystem functions critical to food production. Whether crop yield-related ecosystem services can be maintained by a few dominant species or rely on high richness remains unclear. Using a global database from 89 studies (with 1475 locations), we partition the relative importance of species richness, abundance, and dominance for pollination; biological pest control; and final yields in the context of ongoing land-use change. Pollinator and enemy richness directly supported ecosystem services in addition to and independent of abundance and dominance. Up to 50% of the negative effects of landscape simplification on ecosystem services was due to richness losses of... (More)
Human land use threatens global biodiversity and compromises multiple ecosystem functions critical to food production. Whether crop yield-related ecosystem services can be maintained by a few dominant species or rely on high richness remains unclear. Using a global database from 89 studies (with 1475 locations), we partition the relative importance of species richness, abundance, and dominance for pollination; biological pest control; and final yields in the context of ongoing land-use change. Pollinator and enemy richness directly supported ecosystem services in addition to and independent of abundance and dominance. Up to 50% of the negative effects of landscape simplification on ecosystem services was due to richness losses of service-providing organisms, with negative consequences for crop yields. Maintaining the biodiversity of ecosystem service providers is therefore vital to sustain the flow of key agroecosystem benefits to society. Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). (Less)
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; ; ; ; ; ; ; and
author collaboration
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biodiversity, Crops, Cultivation, Forestry, Land use, Biological pest controls, Dominant species, Ecosystem functions, Ecosystem services, Food production, Global synthesis, Service-providing, Species richness, Ecosystems
in
Science Advances
volume
5
issue
10
article number
eaax0121
publisher
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85073876549
  • pmid:31663019
ISSN
2375-2548
DOI
10.1126/sciadv.aax0121
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dda2bb2b-d9c1-4611-b4f7-94e62791a205
date added to LUP
2019-11-05 14:15:11
date last changed
2021-01-19 04:07:24
@article{dda2bb2b-d9c1-4611-b4f7-94e62791a205,
  abstract     = {Human land use threatens global biodiversity and compromises multiple ecosystem functions critical to food production. Whether crop yield-related ecosystem services can be maintained by a few dominant species or rely on high richness remains unclear. Using a global database from 89 studies (with 1475 locations), we partition the relative importance of species richness, abundance, and dominance for pollination; biological pest control; and final yields in the context of ongoing land-use change. Pollinator and enemy richness directly supported ecosystem services in addition to and independent of abundance and dominance. Up to 50% of the negative effects of landscape simplification on ecosystem services was due to richness losses of service-providing organisms, with negative consequences for crop yields. Maintaining the biodiversity of ecosystem service providers is therefore vital to sustain the flow of key agroecosystem benefits to society. Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).},
  author       = {Dainese, Matteo and Smith, Henrik G. and Andersson, Georg K.S. and Ekroos, Johan and Klatt, Björn and Nilsson, Lovisa and Rundlöf, Maj and Stewart, Rebecca and Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf},
  issn         = {2375-2548},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  publisher    = {American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)},
  series       = {Science Advances},
  title        = {A global synthesis reveals biodiversity-mediated benefits for crop production},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aax0121},
  doi          = {10.1126/sciadv.aax0121},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2019},
}