Advanced

Guide and Position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on Personalized Nutrition : Part 2 - Ethics, Challenges and Endeavors of Precision Nutrition

Kohlmeier, Martin; De Caterina, Raffaele; Ferguson, Lynnette R.; Görman, Ulf LU ; Allayee, Hooman; Prasad, Chandan; Kang, Jing X.; Nicoletti, Carolina Ferreira and Martinez, J. Alfredo (2016) In Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics 9(1). p.28-46
Abstract

Nutrigenetics considers the influence of individual genetic variation on differences in response to dietary components, nutrient requirements and predisposition to disease. Nutrigenomics involves the study of interactions between the genome and diet, including how nutrients affect the transcription and translation process plus subsequent proteomic and metabolomic changes, and also differences in response to dietary factors based on the individual genetic makeup. Personalized characteristics such as age, gender, physical activity, physiological state and social status, and special conditions such as pregnancy and risk of disease can inform dietary advice that more closely meets individual needs. Precision nutrition has a promising future... (More)

Nutrigenetics considers the influence of individual genetic variation on differences in response to dietary components, nutrient requirements and predisposition to disease. Nutrigenomics involves the study of interactions between the genome and diet, including how nutrients affect the transcription and translation process plus subsequent proteomic and metabolomic changes, and also differences in response to dietary factors based on the individual genetic makeup. Personalized characteristics such as age, gender, physical activity, physiological state and social status, and special conditions such as pregnancy and risk of disease can inform dietary advice that more closely meets individual needs. Precision nutrition has a promising future in treating the individual according to their phenotype and genetic characteristics, aimed at both the treatment and prevention of disease. However, many aspects are still in progress and remain as challenges for the future of nutrition. The integration of the human genotype and microbiome needs to be better understood. Further advances in data interpretation tools are also necessary, so that information obtained through newer tests and technologies can be properly transferred to consumers. Indeed, precision nutrition will integrate genetic data with phenotypical, social, cultural and personal preferences and lifestyles matters to provide a more individual nutrition, but considering public health perspectives, where ethical, legal and policy aspects need to be defined and implemented.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Functional foods, Genetic tests, Nutrigenetics, Nutrigenomics, Nutriomics, Omics, Personalized nutrition, Public health
in
Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
volume
9
issue
1
pages
19 pages
publisher
S. Karger AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:84975154472
  • wos:000378797500003
ISSN
1661-6499
DOI
10.1159/000446347
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
df87c002-06e2-4bcb-999e-29f5a2373ca7
date added to LUP
2016-07-26 06:54:37
date last changed
2017-10-16 13:08:38
@article{df87c002-06e2-4bcb-999e-29f5a2373ca7,
  abstract     = {<p>Nutrigenetics considers the influence of individual genetic variation on differences in response to dietary components, nutrient requirements and predisposition to disease. Nutrigenomics involves the study of interactions between the genome and diet, including how nutrients affect the transcription and translation process plus subsequent proteomic and metabolomic changes, and also differences in response to dietary factors based on the individual genetic makeup. Personalized characteristics such as age, gender, physical activity, physiological state and social status, and special conditions such as pregnancy and risk of disease can inform dietary advice that more closely meets individual needs. Precision nutrition has a promising future in treating the individual according to their phenotype and genetic characteristics, aimed at both the treatment and prevention of disease. However, many aspects are still in progress and remain as challenges for the future of nutrition. The integration of the human genotype and microbiome needs to be better understood. Further advances in data interpretation tools are also necessary, so that information obtained through newer tests and technologies can be properly transferred to consumers. Indeed, precision nutrition will integrate genetic data with phenotypical, social, cultural and personal preferences and lifestyles matters to provide a more individual nutrition, but considering public health perspectives, where ethical, legal and policy aspects need to be defined and implemented.</p>},
  author       = {Kohlmeier, Martin and De Caterina, Raffaele and Ferguson, Lynnette R. and Görman, Ulf and Allayee, Hooman and Prasad, Chandan and Kang, Jing X. and Nicoletti, Carolina Ferreira and Martinez, J. Alfredo},
  issn         = {1661-6499},
  keyword      = {Functional foods,Genetic tests,Nutrigenetics,Nutrigenomics,Nutriomics,Omics,Personalized nutrition,Public health},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {28--46},
  publisher    = {S. Karger AG},
  series       = {Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics},
  title        = {Guide and Position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on Personalized Nutrition : Part 2 - Ethics, Challenges and Endeavors of Precision Nutrition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000446347},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2016},
}