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The Danish royal flagship gribshunden : Dendrochronology on a late medieval carvel sunk in the Baltic Sea

Hansson, Anton LU ; Linderson, Hans LU and Foley, Brendan LU (2021) In Dendrochronologia 68.
Abstract
The Royal flagship Gribshunden carried the Danish King Hans on its way to the city of Kalmar in Sweden when the ship sank in the summer of 1495. The ship caught fire while anchored north of the Stora Ek o Island and sank to the seafloor, where it lies to this day. The wreck was rediscovered in the 1970s and is remarkably well preserved.
Since 2001, scientific investigations have been performed on the wreck by various organizations. In total, 13 dendrochronological samples from different parts of the ship construction have been collected and analyzed with standard dendrochronological methods with respect to age and provenance. The results show that all dated samples could have been felled during the winter season of 1482/83, although... (More)
The Royal flagship Gribshunden carried the Danish King Hans on its way to the city of Kalmar in Sweden when the ship sank in the summer of 1495. The ship caught fire while anchored north of the Stora Ek o Island and sank to the seafloor, where it lies to this day. The wreck was rediscovered in the 1970s and is remarkably well preserved.
Since 2001, scientific investigations have been performed on the wreck by various organizations. In total, 13 dendrochronological samples from different parts of the ship construction have been collected and analyzed with standard dendrochronological methods with respect to age and provenance. The results show that all dated samples could have been felled during the winter season of 1482/83, although only one sample contains sapwood and waney edge. The highest correlations are obtained from reference chronologies that originate from the River Meuse drainage area, with correlations peaking around the city of Namur in Belgium. Most likely, the
ship was constructed in a shipyard close to the mouth of the River Meuse in the southern Netherlands. It seems King Hans realized the potential of the new ship type represented by Gribshunden, but his shipwrights did not have the knowledge to build such a ship in Denmark. Instead, he purchased the ship from abroad. This study
highlights late medieval economic and political connections throughout northern Europe. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
dendrochronology, medieval archaeology, shipwreck
in
Dendrochronologia
volume
68
article number
125861
pages
9 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85108872627
ISSN
1125-7865
DOI
10.1016/j.dendro.2021.125861
project
GRIBSHUNDEN Shipwreck 2019
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e07cea86-df6c-44d4-8ccf-4a245c6b089e
date added to LUP
2021-06-30 09:28:01
date last changed
2022-05-24 07:05:07
@article{e07cea86-df6c-44d4-8ccf-4a245c6b089e,
  abstract     = {{The Royal flagship Gribshunden carried the Danish King Hans on its way to the city of Kalmar in Sweden when the ship sank in the summer of 1495. The ship caught fire while anchored north of the Stora Ek o Island and sank to the seafloor, where it lies to this day. The wreck was rediscovered in the 1970s and is remarkably well preserved.<br/>Since 2001, scientific investigations have been performed on the wreck by various organizations. In total, 13 dendrochronological samples from different parts of the ship construction have been collected and analyzed with standard dendrochronological methods with respect to age and provenance. The results show that all dated samples could have been felled during the winter season of 1482/83, although only one sample contains sapwood and waney edge. The highest correlations are obtained from reference chronologies that originate from the River Meuse drainage area, with correlations peaking around the city of Namur in Belgium. Most likely, the<br/>ship was constructed in a shipyard close to the mouth of the River Meuse in the southern Netherlands. It seems King Hans realized the potential of the new ship type represented by Gribshunden, but his shipwrights did not have the knowledge to build such a ship in Denmark. Instead, he purchased the ship from abroad. This study<br/>highlights late medieval economic and political connections throughout northern Europe.}},
  author       = {{Hansson, Anton and Linderson, Hans and Foley, Brendan}},
  issn         = {{1125-7865}},
  keywords     = {{dendrochronology; medieval archaeology; shipwreck}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  month        = {{08}},
  publisher    = {{Elsevier}},
  series       = {{Dendrochronologia}},
  title        = {{The Danish royal flagship gribshunden : Dendrochronology on a late medieval carvel sunk in the Baltic Sea}},
  url          = {{https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/files/99838639/1_s2.0_S1125786521000576_main.pdf}},
  doi          = {{10.1016/j.dendro.2021.125861}},
  volume       = {{68}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}