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Exercise is medicine : Primary care counseling on aerobic fitness and muscle strengthening

Crump, Casey LU ; Sundquist, Kristina LU ; Sundquist, Jan LU and Winkleby, Marilyn A. LU (2019) In Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 32(1). p.103-107
Abstract

Patient counseling on physical fitness remains underutilized in primary care, despite its clinical and cost effectiveness. Most counseling interventions have focused on aerobic activity and neglected another vital component of physical fitness, muscle strengthening, which has recently been shown to be independently protective against cardiometabolic diseases and premature mortality. This article reviews the latest scientific evidence and makes recommendations toward a more comprehensive approach for promoting physical fitness in primary care. Given the high prevalence and wide-ranging health impacts of physical inactivity, counseling on physical fitness should be a standard part of wellness promotion and disease prevention and treatment... (More)

Patient counseling on physical fitness remains underutilized in primary care, despite its clinical and cost effectiveness. Most counseling interventions have focused on aerobic activity and neglected another vital component of physical fitness, muscle strengthening, which has recently been shown to be independently protective against cardiometabolic diseases and premature mortality. This article reviews the latest scientific evidence and makes recommendations toward a more comprehensive approach for promoting physical fitness in primary care. Given the high prevalence and wide-ranging health impacts of physical inactivity, counseling on physical fitness should be a standard part of wellness promotion and disease prevention and treatment for all patients. Interventions that include muscle strengthening will have a significantly greater impact on health outcomes than those focused on aerobic fitness alone. Counseling to promote both aerobic fitness and muscle strengthening is indicated for all patients, irrespective of body weight, and should begin early in life and continue across the life course.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Counseling, Exercise, Physical Fitness, Premature Mortality, Primary Health Care
in
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
volume
32
issue
1
pages
5 pages
publisher
American Board of Family Medicine
external identifiers
  • scopus:85059495266
ISSN
1557-2625
DOI
10.3122/jabfm.2019.01.180209
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e201a583-ce10-4628-9ba1-4712109b8149
date added to LUP
2019-01-21 14:07:58
date last changed
2019-10-15 06:56:42
@article{e201a583-ce10-4628-9ba1-4712109b8149,
  abstract     = {<p>Patient counseling on physical fitness remains underutilized in primary care, despite its clinical and cost effectiveness. Most counseling interventions have focused on aerobic activity and neglected another vital component of physical fitness, muscle strengthening, which has recently been shown to be independently protective against cardiometabolic diseases and premature mortality. This article reviews the latest scientific evidence and makes recommendations toward a more comprehensive approach for promoting physical fitness in primary care. Given the high prevalence and wide-ranging health impacts of physical inactivity, counseling on physical fitness should be a standard part of wellness promotion and disease prevention and treatment for all patients. Interventions that include muscle strengthening will have a significantly greater impact on health outcomes than those focused on aerobic fitness alone. Counseling to promote both aerobic fitness and muscle strengthening is indicated for all patients, irrespective of body weight, and should begin early in life and continue across the life course.</p>},
  author       = {Crump, Casey and Sundquist, Kristina and Sundquist, Jan and Winkleby, Marilyn A.},
  issn         = {1557-2625},
  keyword      = {Counseling,Exercise,Physical Fitness,Premature Mortality,Primary Health Care},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {103--107},
  publisher    = {American Board of Family Medicine},
  series       = {Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine},
  title        = {Exercise is medicine : Primary care counseling on aerobic fitness and muscle strengthening},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.2019.01.180209},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2019},
}