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Tensed evidentials : a typological study

Visser, Eline LU (2015) In Linguistic Typology 19(2). p.279-325
Abstract
To gain more insight into evidentiality, the grammatical marking of information source, it is worth studying the category in its relation to other grammatical categories. This study explores tensed evidentials, morphemes in which tense and evidentiality are fused, in 36 languages from four macro-areas (North America, South America, Eurasia, and Papunesia). The study reveals several interactions between tense values and evidential values. As opposed to what has been claimed, firsthand future evidentials seem to exist. Visual and non-visual evidentials occur equally with present and past, whereas mental activity evidentials and reportative evidentials are much more limited to the past. These findings conform to the logic of tense: every type... (More)
To gain more insight into evidentiality, the grammatical marking of information source, it is worth studying the category in its relation to other grammatical categories. This study explores tensed evidentials, morphemes in which tense and evidentiality are fused, in 36 languages from four macro-areas (North America, South America, Eurasia, and Papunesia). The study reveals several interactions between tense values and evidential values. As opposed to what has been claimed, firsthand future evidentials seem to exist. Visual and non-visual evidentials occur equally with present and past, whereas mental activity evidentials and reportative evidentials are much more limited to the past. These findings conform to the logic of tense: every type of evidentiality can be gathered in the past, whereas some are less suited for present or future. As a result, we find exceptionless implicational hierarchies of the form future ⊃ present ⊃ past for several evidential values. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
evidential, grammatical category , inflection, information status , tense
in
Linguistic Typology
volume
19
issue
2
pages
47 pages
publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84943752110
ISSN
1430-0532
DOI
10.1515/lingty-2015-0009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e57e6ee6-d836-4992-861b-81ecffeae94a
date added to LUP
2016-09-03 18:16:42
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:33:16
@article{e57e6ee6-d836-4992-861b-81ecffeae94a,
  abstract     = {To gain more insight into evidentiality, the grammatical marking of information source, it is worth studying the category in its relation to other grammatical categories. This study explores tensed evidentials, morphemes in which tense and evidentiality are fused, in 36 languages from four macro-areas (North America, South America, Eurasia, and Papunesia). The study reveals several interactions between tense values and evidential values. As opposed to what has been claimed, firsthand future evidentials seem to exist. Visual and non-visual evidentials occur equally with present and past, whereas mental activity evidentials and reportative evidentials are much more limited to the past. These findings conform to the logic of tense: every type of evidentiality can be gathered in the past, whereas some are less suited for present or future. As a result, we find exceptionless implicational hierarchies of the form future ⊃ present ⊃ past for several evidential values.},
  author       = {Visser, Eline},
  issn         = {1430-0532},
  keyword      = {evidential,grammatical category ,inflection,information status ,tense},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {279--325},
  publisher    = {Walter de Gruyter GmbH},
  series       = {Linguistic Typology},
  title        = {Tensed evidentials : a typological study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/lingty-2015-0009},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2015},
}