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Transfer and typological proximity in the context of L2 processing

Håkansson, Gisela LU ; Pienemann, Manfred and Sayehli, Susan LU (2002) In Second Language Research 18(3). p.250-273
Abstract
In this article, the issue of cross-linguistic influence in second language acquisition is examined from a processing perspective. Applying Processability Theory as the theoretical framework we claim that second language (L2) learners can only produce forms they are able to process.We thus argue that the first language (L1) influence on the L2 is developmentally moderated. Data were collected from German L2 learners with Swedish as their L1. Twenty informants participated in the study, 10 in their first year of German (13 years of age) and 10 in their second year of German (14 years of age). Both languages involved are typologically very close but not mutually intelligible. The results show that Swedish learners of German do not transfer... (More)
In this article, the issue of cross-linguistic influence in second language acquisition is examined from a processing perspective. Applying Processability Theory as the theoretical framework we claim that second language (L2) learners can only produce forms they are able to process.We thus argue that the first language (L1) influence on the L2 is developmentally moderated. Data were collected from German L2 learners with Swedish as their L1. Twenty informants participated in the study, 10 in their first year of German (13 years of age) and 10 in their second year of German (14 years of age). Both languages involved are typologically very close but not mutually intelligible. The results show that Swedish learners of German do not transfer the verb-second structure from their L1 to the L2 even though this structure is identical in both languages.Instead they start out with canonical word order and subsequently produce an intermediate structure (adv NPsubj V X), which is ungrammatical in the L1 and the L2. These observations support the idea of a developmentally moderated transfer. The results clearly contradict the predictions from the 'full transfer/full access' hypothesis (Schwartz and Sprouse, 1994; 1996). (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Second Language Research
volume
18
issue
3
pages
250 - 273
publisher
SAGE Publications
ISSN
0267-6583
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e74419b7-4f56-47b3-b98d-564b5d858387 (old id 134727)
alternative location
http://slr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/18/3/250
date added to LUP
2007-07-27 15:30:34
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:20:23
@article{e74419b7-4f56-47b3-b98d-564b5d858387,
  abstract     = {In this article, the issue of cross-linguistic influence in second language acquisition is examined from a processing perspective. Applying Processability Theory as the theoretical framework we claim that second language (L2) learners can only produce forms they are able to process.We thus argue that the first language (L1) influence on the L2 is developmentally moderated. Data were collected from German L2 learners with Swedish as their L1. Twenty informants participated in the study, 10 in their first year of German (13 years of age) and 10 in their second year of German (14 years of age). Both languages involved are typologically very close but not mutually intelligible. The results show that Swedish learners of German do not transfer the verb-second structure from their L1 to the L2 even though this structure is identical in both languages.Instead they start out with canonical word order and subsequently produce an intermediate structure (adv NPsubj V X), which is ungrammatical in the L1 and the L2. These observations support the idea of a developmentally moderated transfer. The results clearly contradict the predictions from the 'full transfer/full access' hypothesis (Schwartz and Sprouse, 1994; 1996).},
  author       = {Håkansson, Gisela and Pienemann, Manfred and Sayehli, Susan},
  issn         = {0267-6583},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {250--273},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Second Language Research},
  title        = {Transfer and typological proximity in the context of L2 processing},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2002},
}