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Terpenoid emissions from fully grown east Siberian Larix cajanderi trees

Kajos, M. K.; Hakola, H.; Holst, Thomas LU ; Nieminen, T.; Tarvainen, V.; Maximov, T.; Petaja, T.; Arneth, A. and Rinne, J. (2013) In Biogeosciences 10(7). p.4705-4719
Abstract
While emissions of many biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), such as terpenoids, have been studied quite intensively in North American and Scandinavian boreal forests, the vast Siberian boreal forests have remained largely unexplored by experimental emission studies. In this study the shoot-scale terpenoid emission rates from two mature Larix cajanderi trees growing in their natural habitat in eastern Siberia were measured at the Spasskaya Pad flux measurement site (62 degrees 15'18.4 '' N, 129 degrees 37'07.9 '' E) located on the western bank of the Lena river. The measurements were conducted during three campaigns: 3-24 June, 8-26 July, and 14-30 August, in the summer of 2009. A dynamic flow-through enclosure technique was... (More)
While emissions of many biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), such as terpenoids, have been studied quite intensively in North American and Scandinavian boreal forests, the vast Siberian boreal forests have remained largely unexplored by experimental emission studies. In this study the shoot-scale terpenoid emission rates from two mature Larix cajanderi trees growing in their natural habitat in eastern Siberia were measured at the Spasskaya Pad flux measurement site (62 degrees 15'18.4 '' N, 129 degrees 37'07.9 '' E) located on the western bank of the Lena river. The measurements were conducted during three campaigns: 3-24 June, 8-26 July, and 14-30 August, in the summer of 2009. A dynamic flow-through enclosure technique was applied for adsorbent sampling, and the samples were analysed offline with a gas chromatograph. Between 29 and 45 samples were taken from each shoot during all three campaigns. Seven different monoterpenes, six different sesquiterpenes, linalool isoprene, and 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO) were identified. The monthly median value of the total terpenoid emissions varied between 0.006 and 10.6 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1). The emissions were dominated by monoterpenes, which constituted between 61 and 92% of the total emissions. About half of the monoterpene emissions were comprised of Delta(3)-carene; alpha- and beta-pinene had significant emissions as well. Linalool emissions were also substantial, comprising 3-37% of the total emissions, especially in June. Sesquiterpenes accounted for less than 3% and isoprene less than 1% of the total emissions. Based on the measured emission rates, the relative atmospheric concentration of each compound was estimated. Monoterpenes were the species with the highest relative concentration, while linalool and sesquiterpenes had a notably smaller contribution to the estimated atmospheric concentration than to the emission rates. A temperature-dependent pool algorithm with a constant beta (0.09 degrees C-1 for monoterpenes and 0.143 degrees C-1 for sesquiterpenes) was used to normalize the measured emission data. For monoterpenes the emission potential varied between 0.5 and 18.5 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1) and for sesquiterpenes between 0.02 and 0.4 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1). (Less)
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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biogeosciences
volume
10
issue
7
pages
4705 - 4719
publisher
Copernicus Publications
external identifiers
  • wos:000322242700020
  • scopus:84880461907
ISSN
1726-4189
DOI
10.5194/bg-10-4705-2013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e9551aea-e615-4911-b941-9605b85640ad (old id 4050247)
date added to LUP
2013-09-19 15:18:03
date last changed
2019-05-14 01:14:35
@article{e9551aea-e615-4911-b941-9605b85640ad,
  abstract     = {While emissions of many biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs), such as terpenoids, have been studied quite intensively in North American and Scandinavian boreal forests, the vast Siberian boreal forests have remained largely unexplored by experimental emission studies. In this study the shoot-scale terpenoid emission rates from two mature Larix cajanderi trees growing in their natural habitat in eastern Siberia were measured at the Spasskaya Pad flux measurement site (62 degrees 15'18.4 '' N, 129 degrees 37'07.9 '' E) located on the western bank of the Lena river. The measurements were conducted during three campaigns: 3-24 June, 8-26 July, and 14-30 August, in the summer of 2009. A dynamic flow-through enclosure technique was applied for adsorbent sampling, and the samples were analysed offline with a gas chromatograph. Between 29 and 45 samples were taken from each shoot during all three campaigns. Seven different monoterpenes, six different sesquiterpenes, linalool isoprene, and 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO) were identified. The monthly median value of the total terpenoid emissions varied between 0.006 and 10.6 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1). The emissions were dominated by monoterpenes, which constituted between 61 and 92% of the total emissions. About half of the monoterpene emissions were comprised of Delta(3)-carene; alpha- and beta-pinene had significant emissions as well. Linalool emissions were also substantial, comprising 3-37% of the total emissions, especially in June. Sesquiterpenes accounted for less than 3% and isoprene less than 1% of the total emissions. Based on the measured emission rates, the relative atmospheric concentration of each compound was estimated. Monoterpenes were the species with the highest relative concentration, while linalool and sesquiterpenes had a notably smaller contribution to the estimated atmospheric concentration than to the emission rates. A temperature-dependent pool algorithm with a constant beta (0.09 degrees C-1 for monoterpenes and 0.143 degrees C-1 for sesquiterpenes) was used to normalize the measured emission data. For monoterpenes the emission potential varied between 0.5 and 18.5 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1) and for sesquiterpenes between 0.02 and 0.4 mu g g(dw)(-1)h(-1).},
  author       = {Kajos, M. K. and Hakola, H. and Holst, Thomas and Nieminen, T. and Tarvainen, V. and Maximov, T. and Petaja, T. and Arneth, A. and Rinne, J.},
  issn         = {1726-4189},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {4705--4719},
  publisher    = {Copernicus Publications},
  series       = {Biogeosciences},
  title        = {Terpenoid emissions from fully grown east Siberian Larix cajanderi trees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-10-4705-2013},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2013},
}