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Microvascular Mechanisms of Polyphosphate-Induced Neutrophil-Endothelial Cell Interactions in vivo

Du, Feifei LU ; Wang, Yongzhi LU ; Ding, Zhiyi LU ; Laschke, Matthias W. LU and Thorlacius, Henrik LU (2019) In European Surgical Research 60(1-2). p.53-62
Abstract

Background: Polyphosphates (PolyPs) have been reported to exert pro-inflammatory effects. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating PolyP-provoked tissue accumulation of leukocytes are not known. The aim of the present investigation was to determine the role of specific adhesion molecules in PolyP-mediated leukocyte recruitment. Methods: PolyPs and TNF-α were intrascrotally administered, and anti-P-selectin, anti-E-selectin, anti-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), anti-membrane-activated complex-1 (Mac-1), anti-lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1), and neutrophil depletion antibodies were injected intravenously or intraperitoneally. Intravital microscopy of the mouse cremaster microcirculation was used to examine... (More)

Background: Polyphosphates (PolyPs) have been reported to exert pro-inflammatory effects. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating PolyP-provoked tissue accumulation of leukocytes are not known. The aim of the present investigation was to determine the role of specific adhesion molecules in PolyP-mediated leukocyte recruitment. Methods: PolyPs and TNF-α were intrascrotally administered, and anti-P-selectin, anti-E-selectin, anti-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), anti-membrane-activated complex-1 (Mac-1), anti-lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1), and neutrophil depletion antibodies were injected intravenously or intraperitoneally. Intravital microscopy of the mouse cremaster microcirculation was used to examine leukocyte-endothelium interactions and recruitment in vivo. Results: Intrascrotal injection of PolyPs increased leukocyte accumulation. Depletion of neutrophils abolished PolyP-induced leukocyte-endothelium interactions, indicating that neutrophils were the main leukocyte subtype responding to PolyP challenge. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin and PSGL-1 abolished PolyP-provoked neutrophil rolling, adhesion, and emigration. Moreover, immunoneutralization of Mac-1 and LFA-1 had no impact on neutrophil rolling but markedly reduced neutrophil adhesion and emigration evoked by PolyPs. Conclusion: These results suggest that P-selectin and PSGL-1 exert important roles in PolyP-induced inflammatory cell recruitment by mediating neutrophil rolling. In addition, our data show that Mac-1 and LFA-1 are necessary for supporting PolyP-triggered firm adhesion of neutrophils to microvascular endothelium. These novel findings define specific molecules as potential targets for pharmacological intervention in PolyP-dependent inflammatory diseases. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Surgical Research
volume
60
issue
1-2
pages
10 pages
publisher
Karger
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063594589
ISSN
0014-312X
DOI
10.1159/000497435
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ea01c11f-9b64-4623-91b3-398797195a55
date added to LUP
2019-04-08 12:50:33
date last changed
2019-04-30 04:10:31
@article{ea01c11f-9b64-4623-91b3-398797195a55,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Polyphosphates (PolyPs) have been reported to exert pro-inflammatory effects. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating PolyP-provoked tissue accumulation of leukocytes are not known. The aim of the present investigation was to determine the role of specific adhesion molecules in PolyP-mediated leukocyte recruitment. Methods: PolyPs and TNF-α were intrascrotally administered, and anti-P-selectin, anti-E-selectin, anti-P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), anti-membrane-activated complex-1 (Mac-1), anti-lymphocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1), and neutrophil depletion antibodies were injected intravenously or intraperitoneally. Intravital microscopy of the mouse cremaster microcirculation was used to examine leukocyte-endothelium interactions and recruitment in vivo. Results: Intrascrotal injection of PolyPs increased leukocyte accumulation. Depletion of neutrophils abolished PolyP-induced leukocyte-endothelium interactions, indicating that neutrophils were the main leukocyte subtype responding to PolyP challenge. Immunoneutralization of P-selectin and PSGL-1 abolished PolyP-provoked neutrophil rolling, adhesion, and emigration. Moreover, immunoneutralization of Mac-1 and LFA-1 had no impact on neutrophil rolling but markedly reduced neutrophil adhesion and emigration evoked by PolyPs. Conclusion: These results suggest that P-selectin and PSGL-1 exert important roles in PolyP-induced inflammatory cell recruitment by mediating neutrophil rolling. In addition, our data show that Mac-1 and LFA-1 are necessary for supporting PolyP-triggered firm adhesion of neutrophils to microvascular endothelium. These novel findings define specific molecules as potential targets for pharmacological intervention in PolyP-dependent inflammatory diseases. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.</p>},
  author       = {Du, Feifei and Wang, Yongzhi and Ding, Zhiyi and Laschke, Matthias W. and Thorlacius, Henrik},
  issn         = {0014-312X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {53--62},
  publisher    = {Karger},
  series       = {European Surgical Research},
  title        = {Microvascular Mechanisms of Polyphosphate-Induced Neutrophil-Endothelial Cell Interactions in vivo},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000497435},
  volume       = {60},
  year         = {2019},
}