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Evolution of the Z-scheme of photosynthesis : a perspective

Govindjee, ; Shevela, Dmitriy and Björn, Lars Olof LU (2017) In Photosynthesis Research 133(1-3). p.5-15
Abstract

The concept of the Z-scheme of oxygenic photosynthesis is in all the textbooks. However, its evolution is not. We focus here mainly on some of the history of its biophysical aspects. We have arbitrarily divided here the 1941–2016 period into three sub-periods: (a) Origin of the concept of two light reactions: first hinted at, in 1941, by James Franck and Karl Herzfeld; described and explained, in 1945, by Eugene Rabinowitch; and a clear hypothesis, given in 1956 by Rabinowitch, of the then available cytochrome experiments: one light oxidizing it and another reducing it; (b) Experimental discovery of the two light reactions and two pigment systems and the Z-scheme of photosynthesis: Robert Emerson’s discovery, in 1957, of enhancement in... (More)

The concept of the Z-scheme of oxygenic photosynthesis is in all the textbooks. However, its evolution is not. We focus here mainly on some of the history of its biophysical aspects. We have arbitrarily divided here the 1941–2016 period into three sub-periods: (a) Origin of the concept of two light reactions: first hinted at, in 1941, by James Franck and Karl Herzfeld; described and explained, in 1945, by Eugene Rabinowitch; and a clear hypothesis, given in 1956 by Rabinowitch, of the then available cytochrome experiments: one light oxidizing it and another reducing it; (b) Experimental discovery of the two light reactions and two pigment systems and the Z-scheme of photosynthesis: Robert Emerson’s discovery, in 1957, of enhancement in photosynthesis when two light beams (one in the far-red region, and the other of shorter wavelengths) are given together than when given separately; and the 1960 scheme of Robin Hill & Fay Bendall; and (c) Evolution of the many versions of the Z-Scheme: Louis Duysens and Jan Amesz’s 1961 experiments on oxidation and reduction of cytochrome f by two different wavelengths of light, followed by the work of many others for more than 50 years.

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Bessel Kok, Eugene Rabinowitch, Horst T. Witt, James Franck, Louis N. M. Duysens, Robert Emerson, Robin Hill, The Z-scheme of photosynthesis
in
Photosynthesis Research
volume
133
issue
1-3
pages
5 - 15
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85011628883
  • wos:000405086400002
ISSN
0166-8595
DOI
10.1007/s11120-016-0333-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
eaf593b1-8942-4ea7-baee-fc06077e354d
date added to LUP
2017-02-15 12:17:30
date last changed
2018-04-29 04:36:05
@article{eaf593b1-8942-4ea7-baee-fc06077e354d,
  abstract     = {<p>The concept of the Z-scheme of oxygenic photosynthesis is in all the textbooks. However, its evolution is not. We focus here mainly on some of the history of its biophysical aspects. We have arbitrarily divided here the 1941–2016 period into three sub-periods: (a) Origin of the concept of two light reactions: first hinted at, in 1941, by James Franck and Karl Herzfeld; described and explained, in 1945, by Eugene Rabinowitch; and a clear hypothesis, given in 1956 by Rabinowitch, of the then available cytochrome experiments: one light oxidizing it and another reducing it; (b) Experimental discovery of the two light reactions and two pigment systems and the Z-scheme of photosynthesis: Robert Emerson’s discovery, in 1957, of enhancement in photosynthesis when two light beams (one in the far-red region, and the other of shorter wavelengths) are given together than when given separately; and the 1960 scheme of Robin Hill &amp; Fay Bendall; and (c) Evolution of the many versions of the Z-Scheme: Louis Duysens and Jan Amesz’s 1961 experiments on oxidation and reduction of cytochrome f by two different wavelengths of light, followed by the work of many others for more than 50 years.</p>},
  author       = {Govindjee,  and Shevela, Dmitriy and Björn, Lars Olof},
  issn         = {0166-8595},
  keyword      = {Bessel Kok,Eugene Rabinowitch,Horst T. Witt,James Franck,Louis N. M. Duysens,Robert Emerson,Robin Hill,The Z-scheme of photosynthesis},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-3},
  pages        = {5--15},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Photosynthesis Research},
  title        = {Evolution of the Z-scheme of photosynthesis : a perspective},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11120-016-0333-z},
  volume       = {133},
  year         = {2017},
}