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The Drivers of Long-run CO₂ emissions in Europe, North America and Japan since 1800

Henriques, Sofia LU and Borowiecki, Karol LU (2017) In Energy Policy 101. p.537-549
Abstract
Using an extended Kaya decomposition, we identify the drivers of long-run CO₂ emissions since 1800 for Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the UK, the United States, Canada and Japan. By considering biomass and carbon-free energy sources along with fossil fuels, we are able to shed light on the effects of past and present energy transitions on CO₂ emissions. We find that at low levels of income per capita, fuel switching from biomass to fossil fuels is the main contributing factor to emissions growth. As income levels increase, scale effects, especially income effects, become dominant. Technological change proves to be the main offsetting factor in the long run. Particularly in the last decades,... (More)
Using an extended Kaya decomposition, we identify the drivers of long-run CO₂ emissions since 1800 for Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the UK, the United States, Canada and Japan. By considering biomass and carbon-free energy sources along with fossil fuels, we are able to shed light on the effects of past and present energy transitions on CO₂ emissions. We find that at low levels of income per capita, fuel switching from biomass to fossil fuels is the main contributing factor to emissions growth. As income levels increase, scale effects, especially income effects, become dominant. Technological change proves to be the main offsetting factor in the long run. Particularly in the last decades, technological change and fuel switching have become important contributors to the decrease in emissions in Europe. Our results also contrast the differentiated historical paths of CO₂ emissions taken by these countries. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
carbon emissions, decomposition analysis, energy transition, biomass
in
Energy Policy
volume
101
pages
13 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85006757465
  • wos:000392768800054
ISSN
0301-4215
DOI
10.1016/j.enpol.2016.11.005
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ebb03274-071d-41d3-a1f4-c6a287bf29d7
date added to LUP
2016-12-12 15:09:03
date last changed
2018-04-15 04:39:00
@article{ebb03274-071d-41d3-a1f4-c6a287bf29d7,
  abstract     = {Using an extended Kaya decomposition, we identify the drivers of long-run CO₂ emissions since 1800 for Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, the UK, the United States, Canada and Japan. By considering biomass and carbon-free energy sources along with fossil fuels, we are able to shed light on the effects of past and present energy transitions on CO₂ emissions. We find that at low levels of income per capita, fuel switching from biomass to fossil fuels is the main contributing factor to emissions growth. As income levels increase, scale effects, especially income effects, become dominant. Technological change proves to be the main offsetting factor in the long run. Particularly in the last decades, technological change and fuel switching have become important contributors to the decrease in emissions in Europe. Our results also contrast the differentiated historical paths of CO₂ emissions taken by these countries.},
  author       = {Henriques, Sofia and Borowiecki, Karol},
  issn         = {0301-4215},
  keyword      = {carbon emissions,decomposition analysis,energy transition,biomass},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {537--549},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {The Drivers of Long-run CO₂ emissions in Europe, North America and Japan since 1800},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2016.11.005},
  volume       = {101},
  year         = {2017},
}