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Visual event-related potentials to novel objects predict rapid word learning ability in 20-month-olds

Borgström, Kristina LU ; von Koss Torkildsen, Janne and Lindgren, Magnus LU (2017) In Developmental Neuropsychology 41(5-8). p.308-323
Abstract
In an event-related potentials (ERP) study, twenty-month-old children (n = 37) were presented with pseudowords to map to novel object referents in five presentations. Quicker attenuation of the visual Negative central component (Nc) to novel objects predicted a larger difference in N400 amplitude between congruous and incongruous presentations of pseudowords at test. Furthermore, better initial recognition of familiar objects (Nc difference between familiar and novel objects) predicted the strength of the N400 incongruity effect to the verbal labels of these real objects. This study presents novel evidence for a link between efficient visual processing of objects and word learning ability. © 2016 Kristina Borgström, Janne von Koss... (More)
In an event-related potentials (ERP) study, twenty-month-old children (n = 37) were presented with pseudowords to map to novel object referents in five presentations. Quicker attenuation of the visual Negative central component (Nc) to novel objects predicted a larger difference in N400 amplitude between congruous and incongruous presentations of pseudowords at test. Furthermore, better initial recognition of familiar objects (Nc difference between familiar and novel objects) predicted the strength of the N400 incongruity effect to the verbal labels of these real objects. This study presents novel evidence for a link between efficient visual processing of objects and word learning ability. © 2016 Kristina Borgström, Janne von Koss Torkildsen, and Magnus Lindgren. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Developmental Neuropsychology
volume
41
issue
5-8
pages
16 pages
publisher
Psychology Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:85008329652
  • wos:000395349600004
ISSN
8756-5641
DOI
10.1080/87565641.2016.1243111
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ebd71e5d-b378-4514-abea-1bbd57432faf
date added to LUP
2016-09-01 09:20:30
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:28:56
@article{ebd71e5d-b378-4514-abea-1bbd57432faf,
  abstract     = {In an event-related potentials (ERP) study, twenty-month-old children (n = 37) were presented with pseudowords to map to novel object referents in five presentations. Quicker attenuation of the visual Negative central component (Nc) to novel objects predicted a larger difference in N400 amplitude between congruous and incongruous presentations of pseudowords at test. Furthermore, better initial recognition of familiar objects (Nc difference between familiar and novel objects) predicted the strength of the N400 incongruity effect to the verbal labels of these real objects. This study presents novel evidence for a link between efficient visual processing of objects and word learning ability. © 2016 Kristina Borgström, Janne von Koss Torkildsen, and Magnus Lindgren.},
  author       = {Borgström, Kristina and von Koss Torkildsen, Janne and Lindgren, Magnus},
  issn         = {8756-5641},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5-8},
  pages        = {308--323},
  publisher    = {Psychology Press},
  series       = {Developmental Neuropsychology},
  title        = {Visual event-related potentials to novel objects predict rapid word learning ability in 20-month-olds},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/87565641.2016.1243111},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2017},
}