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Time and Generation : Parents’ Integration and Children’s School Performance in Sweden, 1989–2011

Smith, Christopher D. LU ; Helgertz, Jonas LU and Scott, Kirk LU (2018) In European Journal of Population
Abstract

A central element of assimilation theory is that increasing time and number of previous immigrant generations in a host country leaves immigrants and their children more integrated and capable of navigating the host society. However, the underperformance of some immigrant groups in Sweden calls into question this relationship. Additionally, many studies regard intermarriage as an outcome of immigrant integration and rarely investigate whether integration continues after intermarriage. Using population level data from the Swedish interdisciplinary panel on 22 cohorts of ninth-grade students born between 1973 and 1995, we examine the effect of parents’ time in Sweden on their children’s grade point average using family fixed effects.... (More)

A central element of assimilation theory is that increasing time and number of previous immigrant generations in a host country leaves immigrants and their children more integrated and capable of navigating the host society. However, the underperformance of some immigrant groups in Sweden calls into question this relationship. Additionally, many studies regard intermarriage as an outcome of immigrant integration and rarely investigate whether integration continues after intermarriage. Using population level data from the Swedish interdisciplinary panel on 22 cohorts of ninth-grade students born between 1973 and 1995, we examine the effect of parents’ time in Sweden on their children’s grade point average using family fixed effects. Additionally, we investigate whether this relationship differs between “2.0” and “2.5” generation children. We find, generally, that parents’ time in Sweden increases their children’s educational performance, though some variation by parents’ region of origin exists. This supports the idea that integration experiences in immigrant families can be transmitted across generations. Further, this generally holds for both the 2.0 and 2.5 generation children. This relationship among the 2.5 generation is notable as previous studies using a family-based approach looking at the intergenerational transmission of integration have largely focused on the children of two foreign-born parents.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Assimilation, Family fixed effects, Integration, Intergenerational transmission, Intermarriage
in
European Journal of Population
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85055929169
ISSN
0168-6577
DOI
10.1007/s10680-018-9498-9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ec7a4930-c6c2-48b3-97d7-d603f2bb1bd8
date added to LUP
2018-11-20 13:00:04
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:36:51
@article{ec7a4930-c6c2-48b3-97d7-d603f2bb1bd8,
  abstract     = {<p>A central element of assimilation theory is that increasing time and number of previous immigrant generations in a host country leaves immigrants and their children more integrated and capable of navigating the host society. However, the underperformance of some immigrant groups in Sweden calls into question this relationship. Additionally, many studies regard intermarriage as an outcome of immigrant integration and rarely investigate whether integration continues after intermarriage. Using population level data from the Swedish interdisciplinary panel on 22 cohorts of ninth-grade students born between 1973 and 1995, we examine the effect of parents’ time in Sweden on their children’s grade point average using family fixed effects. Additionally, we investigate whether this relationship differs between “2.0” and “2.5” generation children. We find, generally, that parents’ time in Sweden increases their children’s educational performance, though some variation by parents’ region of origin exists. This supports the idea that integration experiences in immigrant families can be transmitted across generations. Further, this generally holds for both the 2.0 and 2.5 generation children. This relationship among the 2.5 generation is notable as previous studies using a family-based approach looking at the intergenerational transmission of integration have largely focused on the children of two foreign-born parents.</p>},
  author       = {Smith, Christopher D. and Helgertz, Jonas and Scott, Kirk},
  issn         = {0168-6577},
  keyword      = {Assimilation,Family fixed effects,Integration,Intergenerational transmission,Intermarriage},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Population},
  title        = {Time and Generation : Parents’ Integration and Children’s School Performance in Sweden, 1989–2011},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10680-018-9498-9},
  year         = {2018},
}