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Growth of Language-Related Brain Areas after Foreign Language Learning

Mårtensson, Johan LU ; Eriksson, Johan; Bodammer, Nils C; Lindgren, Magnus LU ; Johansson, Mikael LU ; Nyberg, Lars and Lövdén, Martin LU (2012) In NeuroImage 63(1). p.240-244
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

he influence of adult foreign-language acquisition on human brain organization is poorly understood. We studied cortical thickness and hippocampal volumes of conscript interpreters before and after three months of intense language studies. Results revealed increases in hippocampus volume and in cortical thickness of the left middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, and superior temporal gyrus for interpreters relative to controls. The right hippocampus and the left superior temporal gyrus were structurally more malleable in interpreters acquiring higher proficiency in the foreign language. Interpreters struggling relatively more to master the language displayed larger gray matter increases in... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

he influence of adult foreign-language acquisition on human brain organization is poorly understood. We studied cortical thickness and hippocampal volumes of conscript interpreters before and after three months of intense language studies. Results revealed increases in hippocampus volume and in cortical thickness of the left middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, and superior temporal gyrus for interpreters relative to controls. The right hippocampus and the left superior temporal gyrus were structurally more malleable in interpreters acquiring higher proficiency in the foreign language. Interpreters struggling relatively more to master the language displayed larger gray matter increases in the middle frontal gyrus. These findings confirm structural changes in brain regions known to serve language functions during foreign-language acquisition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
NeuroImage
volume
63
issue
1
pages
240 - 244
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • WOS:000308770300025
  • Scopus:84864397116
ISSN
1095-9572
DOI
10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.043
project
Cognition, Communication and Learning
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ef73cbb5-d81d-481c-817d-3ae38973c8aa (old id 2834960)
date added to LUP
2012-06-25 13:06:23
date last changed
2017-03-26 03:06:03
@article{ef73cbb5-d81d-481c-817d-3ae38973c8aa,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
he influence of adult foreign-language acquisition on human brain organization is poorly understood. We studied cortical thickness and hippocampal volumes of conscript interpreters before and after three months of intense language studies. Results revealed increases in hippocampus volume and in cortical thickness of the left middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, and superior temporal gyrus for interpreters relative to controls. The right hippocampus and the left superior temporal gyrus were structurally more malleable in interpreters acquiring higher proficiency in the foreign language. Interpreters struggling relatively more to master the language displayed larger gray matter increases in the middle frontal gyrus. These findings confirm structural changes in brain regions known to serve language functions during foreign-language acquisition.},
  author       = {Mårtensson, Johan and Eriksson, Johan and Bodammer, Nils C and Lindgren, Magnus and Johansson, Mikael and Nyberg, Lars and Lövdén, Martin},
  issn         = {1095-9572},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {240--244},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {NeuroImage},
  title        = {Growth of Language-Related Brain Areas after Foreign Language Learning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.043},
  volume       = {63},
  year         = {2012},
}