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Associations between occupational and social interaction factors and well-being among people with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing in Sweden

Eklund, Mona LU and Tjörnstrand, Carina LU (2019) In Journal of Occupational Science
Abstract
Research indicates that occupation is important for well-being in people with mental illness, but this has not been extensively studied among those with severe psychiatric disabilities. Social contacts may possibly play a more vital role for them. This study aimed to explore how aspects of occupation and social interaction were related with well-being factors in that group, while controlling for the influence of clinical factors. People with psychiatric disabilities living in congregate supported housing (CSH; N = 155) responded to questionnaires addressing occupation, social contacts and well-being aspects, such as subjective health, quality of life, self-mastery, and personal recovery. A comparison group with psychiatric disabilities who... (More)
Research indicates that occupation is important for well-being in people with mental illness, but this has not been extensively studied among those with severe psychiatric disabilities. Social contacts may possibly play a more vital role for them. This study aimed to explore how aspects of occupation and social interaction were related with well-being factors in that group, while controlling for the influence of clinical factors. People with psychiatric disabilities living in congregate supported housing (CSH; N = 155) responded to questionnaires addressing occupation, social contacts and well-being aspects, such as subjective health, quality of life, self-mastery, and personal recovery. A comparison group with psychiatric disabilities who lived in an ordinary flat or house and received outreach housing support (N = 111) completed the same instruments. The two groups were compared regarding their pattern of associations between occupation, social contacts, and well-being. Associations between occupation and well-being in the CSH group showed that general satisfaction with everyday occupations in particular was related to all aspects of well-being, whereas activity level and occupational balance were not related to well-being. The relationships were fewer and weaker, in comparison to the group in ordinary housing with outreach support. Indicators of social contacts were basically unrelated to well-being. The study contributes to occupational science by showing that the role of a high activity level for well-being, although important, should not be overemphasized. Future research should focus on narratives to get the voices of people residing in CSH and on exploration of how individually/socially performed occupations are associated with well-being. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Journal of Occupational Science
pages
15 pages
publisher
School of Occupational Therapy
external identifiers
  • scopus:85066973200
ISSN
1442-7591
DOI
10.1080/14427591.2019.1620121
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f0932d28-ecc1-445e-a965-b58c15dc39bf
date added to LUP
2019-06-11 22:43:27
date last changed
2019-07-16 04:11:12
@article{f0932d28-ecc1-445e-a965-b58c15dc39bf,
  abstract     = {Research indicates that occupation is important for well-being in people with mental illness, but this has not been extensively studied among those with severe psychiatric disabilities. Social contacts may possibly play a more vital role for them. This study aimed to explore how aspects of occupation and social interaction were related with well-being factors in that group, while controlling for the influence of clinical factors. People with psychiatric disabilities living in congregate supported housing (CSH; N = 155) responded to questionnaires addressing occupation, social contacts and well-being aspects, such as subjective health, quality of life, self-mastery, and personal recovery. A comparison group with psychiatric disabilities who lived in an ordinary flat or house and received outreach housing support (N = 111) completed the same instruments. The two groups were compared regarding their pattern of associations between occupation, social contacts, and well-being. Associations between occupation and well-being in the CSH group showed that general satisfaction with everyday occupations in particular was related to all aspects of well-being, whereas activity level and occupational balance were not related to well-being. The relationships were fewer and weaker, in comparison to the group in ordinary housing with outreach support. Indicators of social contacts were basically unrelated to well-being. The study contributes to occupational science by showing that the role of a high activity level for well-being, although important, should not be overemphasized. Future research should focus on narratives to get the voices of people residing in CSH and on exploration of how individually/socially performed occupations are associated with well-being.},
  author       = {Eklund, Mona and Tjörnstrand, Carina},
  issn         = {1442-7591},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  pages        = {15},
  publisher    = {School of Occupational Therapy},
  series       = {Journal of Occupational Science},
  title        = {Associations between occupational and social interaction factors and well-being among people with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14427591.2019.1620121},
  year         = {2019},
}