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A backpack γ-spectrometer for measurements of ambient dose equivalent rate, H˙∗(10), from 137Cs and from naturally occurring radiation : The importance of operator related attenuation

Ramzaev, V.; Bernhardsson, C. LU ; Barkovsky, A.; Romanovich, I.; Jarneborn, J. LU ; Mattsson, S. LU ; Dvornik, A. and Gaponenko, S. (2017) In Radiation Measurements 107. p.14-22
Abstract

This study is devoted to the calibration of a backpack radiation detection system (BPRDS) for evaluation of the external dose to a person staying in an environment contaminated by 137Cs. A commercially available portable gamma-ray spectrometer-dosemeter based on a NaI(Tl) detector was used. By means of information in the pulse-height distribution, it has been possible to separate the technogenic and natural components of the ambient dose equivalent rate, H˙∗(10), (ADER). In situ measurements were made in the Bryansk region (Russia) and Gomel region (Belarus) in 2015–2016. Both regions had been severely contaminated by 137Cs due to the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. Background measurements were performed at... (More)

This study is devoted to the calibration of a backpack radiation detection system (BPRDS) for evaluation of the external dose to a person staying in an environment contaminated by 137Cs. A commercially available portable gamma-ray spectrometer-dosemeter based on a NaI(Tl) detector was used. By means of information in the pulse-height distribution, it has been possible to separate the technogenic and natural components of the ambient dose equivalent rate, H˙∗(10), (ADER). In situ measurements were made in the Bryansk region (Russia) and Gomel region (Belarus) in 2015–2016. Both regions had been severely contaminated by 137Cs due to the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. Background measurements were performed at those regions of Russia that received negligible amounts of Chernobyl fallout. Measurements were made inside and outside settlements at typical outdoor locations: street, yard, arable land, undisturbed grassland and forest. The ADER in the pack-back geometry for an operator with a body mass of about 70 kg and a height of 170 cm was 12% lower than the ADER registered in the standard measurement geometry with the detector placed on a tripod at a height of 1 m above ground. The attenuation of the primary 662 keV photons from 137Cs in the operator was measured as a 22% reduction of ADER. Much smaller effect, on average 3–4% reduction, was observed with respect to ADER due to scattered photons from 137Cs in the environment. The BPRDS and calibration factors have been used during walking surveys in two Russian settlements with 137Cs ground deposition densities in 1986 of about 80 kBq m−2 (village of Zatishie) and 700 kBq m−2 (town of Novozybkov). The ADER due to natural terrestrial radionuclides and 137Cs were in the ranges 15–50 nSv h−1 and 14–500 nSv h−1, respectively. The man-made source dominates total ADER in forests, while contribution from the natural sources prevails in the ADER recorded above paved areas.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ambient dose equivalent, Attenuation in operator, Backpack, Chernobyl, NaI(Tl)
in
Radiation Measurements
volume
107
pages
9 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85032858497
ISSN
1350-4487
DOI
10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.10.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f52a7ef1-70e5-4b96-bc99-23dd869c4692
date added to LUP
2017-12-07 13:16:05
date last changed
2018-01-29 10:08:59
@article{f52a7ef1-70e5-4b96-bc99-23dd869c4692,
  abstract     = {<p>This study is devoted to the calibration of a backpack radiation detection system (BPRDS) for evaluation of the external dose to a person staying in an environment contaminated by <sup>137</sup>Cs. A commercially available portable gamma-ray spectrometer-dosemeter based on a NaI(Tl) detector was used. By means of information in the pulse-height distribution, it has been possible to separate the technogenic and natural components of the ambient dose equivalent rate, H˙∗(10), (ADER). In situ measurements were made in the Bryansk region (Russia) and Gomel region (Belarus) in 2015–2016. Both regions had been severely contaminated by <sup>137</sup>Cs due to the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. Background measurements were performed at those regions of Russia that received negligible amounts of Chernobyl fallout. Measurements were made inside and outside settlements at typical outdoor locations: street, yard, arable land, undisturbed grassland and forest. The ADER in the pack-back geometry for an operator with a body mass of about 70 kg and a height of 170 cm was 12% lower than the ADER registered in the standard measurement geometry with the detector placed on a tripod at a height of 1 m above ground. The attenuation of the primary 662 keV photons from <sup>137</sup>Cs in the operator was measured as a 22% reduction of ADER. Much smaller effect, on average 3–4% reduction, was observed with respect to ADER due to scattered photons from <sup>137</sup>Cs in the environment. The BPRDS and calibration factors have been used during walking surveys in two Russian settlements with <sup>137</sup>Cs ground deposition densities in 1986 of about 80 kBq m<sup>−2</sup> (village of Zatishie) and 700 kBq m<sup>−2</sup> (town of Novozybkov). The ADER due to natural terrestrial radionuclides and <sup>137</sup>Cs were in the ranges 15–50 nSv h<sup>−1</sup> and 14–500 nSv h<sup>−1</sup>, respectively. The man-made source dominates total ADER in forests, while contribution from the natural sources prevails in the ADER recorded above paved areas.</p>},
  author       = {Ramzaev, V. and Bernhardsson, C. and Barkovsky, A. and Romanovich, I. and Jarneborn, J. and Mattsson, S. and Dvornik, A. and Gaponenko, S.},
  issn         = {1350-4487},
  keyword      = {Ambient dose equivalent,Attenuation in operator,Backpack,Chernobyl,NaI(Tl)},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {14--22},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Radiation Measurements},
  title        = {A backpack γ-spectrometer for measurements of ambient dose equivalent rate, H˙∗(10), from <sup>137</sup>Cs and from naturally occurring radiation : The importance of operator related attenuation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.10.002},
  volume       = {107},
  year         = {2017},
}