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Hesitation disfluencies after the clause marker ATT ‘that’ in Swedish

Horne, Merle LU ; Frid, Johan LU and Roll, Mikael LU (2005) In Working Papers 51.
Abstract
This study aims att developing a methodology for investigating the relationship between the fluent and disfluent productions of the Swedish conjunction ATT ‘that’ and the complexity of speech fragments following them. A study of the syntactic structure of the speech fragments following ATT and their relation to the pragmatic structure of the discourse, in particular the fragments’ role as regards the topic structure of the discourse, was made using data from one speaker. Syntactic word order patterns reveal that the pragmatic coherence between two clauses decreases with the use of disfluent ATT as compared to fluent ATT. Disfluent ATT tends to signal a new topic rather than topic continuation, and an elaboration rather than clarification,... (More)
This study aims att developing a methodology for investigating the relationship between the fluent and disfluent productions of the Swedish conjunction ATT ‘that’ and the complexity of speech fragments following them. A study of the syntactic structure of the speech fragments following ATT and their relation to the pragmatic structure of the discourse, in particular the fragments’ role as regards the topic structure of the discourse, was made using data from one speaker. Syntactic word order patterns reveal that the pragmatic coherence between two clauses decreases with the use of disfluent ATT as compared to fluent ATT. Disfluent ATT tends to signal a new topic rather than topic continuation, and an elaboration rather than clarification, where clarification is more strongly bound to the preceding utterance. It was observed that even emotional factors correlate with to the production of disfluent ATT. Before empathetic quotations – fragments that imply recognition or imagination of other’s emotions – disfluent ATT may signal a change in the deictic centre as compared to the preceding discourse. A number of observations regarding the prosodic correlates of disfluent ATT were also made. Disfluent ATT is almost always followed by a clear prosodic boundary. In all cases but one, this boundary was marked by a silent pause, in some cases including inhalation. It was also observed that the only filled pause that occurred after a disfluent ATT was before a fragment introducing a new topic. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Working Paper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
disfluency, spontaneous speech, syntactic complexity, Swedish
in
Working Papers
volume
51
publisher
Department of Linguistics, Lund University
ISSN
0280-526X
project
The role of function words in spontaneous speech processing
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fca51750-7bca-4320-ad23-0b1a85236791 (old id 157883)
date added to LUP
2007-08-09 09:24:14
date last changed
2016-04-16 05:15:32
@misc{fca51750-7bca-4320-ad23-0b1a85236791,
  abstract     = {This study aims att developing a methodology for investigating the relationship between the fluent and disfluent productions of the Swedish conjunction ATT ‘that’ and the complexity of speech fragments following them. A study of the syntactic structure of the speech fragments following ATT and their relation to the pragmatic structure of the discourse, in particular the fragments’ role as regards the topic structure of the discourse, was made using data from one speaker. Syntactic word order patterns reveal that the pragmatic coherence between two clauses decreases with the use of disfluent ATT as compared to fluent ATT. Disfluent ATT tends to signal a new topic rather than topic continuation, and an elaboration rather than clarification, where clarification is more strongly bound to the preceding utterance. It was observed that even emotional factors correlate with to the production of disfluent ATT. Before empathetic quotations – fragments that imply recognition or imagination of other’s emotions – disfluent ATT may signal a change in the deictic centre as compared to the preceding discourse. A number of observations regarding the prosodic correlates of disfluent ATT were also made. Disfluent ATT is almost always followed by a clear prosodic boundary. In all cases but one, this boundary was marked by a silent pause, in some cases including inhalation. It was also observed that the only filled pause that occurred after a disfluent ATT was before a fragment introducing a new topic.},
  author       = {Horne, Merle and Frid, Johan and Roll, Mikael},
  issn         = {0280-526X},
  keyword      = {disfluency,spontaneous speech,syntactic complexity,Swedish},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Working Paper},
  publisher    = {Department of Linguistics, Lund University},
  series       = {Working Papers},
  title        = {Hesitation disfluencies after the clause marker ATT ‘that’ in Swedish},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {2005},
}