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Intra-seasonal variation of injury patterns among German Bundesliga soccer players

Leventer, L; Eek, F LU and Lames, M (2018) In Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: High fluctuations in injury-risk during the playing season in soccer have been reported. As seasons are structured in periods with homogenous loads and intensities, we investigated injury-risk over season periods, contrarily to previous studies adopting a month-based approach.

DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.

METHODS: Incidence-rate ratios (IRRs) for match and training injuries were compared across six consecutive seasons of German Bundesliga, divided into six periods each: Pre-season (PS), winter-break (WB), quarter 1-4: (Q1-Q4).

RESULTS: Significant variations in injury-risk were observed for match and training injuries. IRRs in matches was 1.30 (95% CI: 1.11-1.53) times higher in Q3 and 1.53... (More)

OBJECTIVE: High fluctuations in injury-risk during the playing season in soccer have been reported. As seasons are structured in periods with homogenous loads and intensities, we investigated injury-risk over season periods, contrarily to previous studies adopting a month-based approach.

DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.

METHODS: Incidence-rate ratios (IRRs) for match and training injuries were compared across six consecutive seasons of German Bundesliga, divided into six periods each: Pre-season (PS), winter-break (WB), quarter 1-4: (Q1-Q4).

RESULTS: Significant variations in injury-risk were observed for match and training injuries. IRRs in matches was 1.30 (95% CI: 1.11-1.53) times higher in Q3 and 1.53 (95% CI: 1.31-1.78) higher in Q4 compared to Q1. For training injuries, IRR peaked in Q1 and Q3 followed by a marked decrease in each subsequent quarter. Compared to Q4, IRR was 1.62 (95% CI: 1.40-1.86) times higher during Q3 and 1.78 (95% CI: 1.53-2.07) times higher in Q1. IRR was significantly higher in the competitive season compared to pre-season across match (IRR: 2.00, 95% CI: 1.30-3.00) and training (IRR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.11-1.43) injuries.

CONCLUSIONS: The increased match IRRs later during the season indicate that, in practice, coaches should consider putting even more emphasis on recovery in the last part of the season. Moreover, training injuries seem to indicate a carry-over effect. Further studies need to investigate how training during preparatory phases can be implemented in a way that prevents injuries during the competitive season.

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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85058379133
ISSN
1440-2440
DOI
10.1016/j.jsams.2018.12.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fde973f8-619e-4e91-9d3f-6843919e576b
date added to LUP
2018-12-20 12:20:27
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:40:31
@article{fde973f8-619e-4e91-9d3f-6843919e576b,
  abstract     = {<p>OBJECTIVE: High fluctuations in injury-risk during the playing season in soccer have been reported. As seasons are structured in periods with homogenous loads and intensities, we investigated injury-risk over season periods, contrarily to previous studies adopting a month-based approach.</p><p>DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.</p><p>METHODS: Incidence-rate ratios (IRRs) for match and training injuries were compared across six consecutive seasons of German Bundesliga, divided into six periods each: Pre-season (PS), winter-break (WB), quarter 1-4: (Q1-Q4).</p><p>RESULTS: Significant variations in injury-risk were observed for match and training injuries. IRRs in matches was 1.30 (95% CI: 1.11-1.53) times higher in Q3 and 1.53 (95% CI: 1.31-1.78) higher in Q4 compared to Q1. For training injuries, IRR peaked in Q1 and Q3 followed by a marked decrease in each subsequent quarter. Compared to Q4, IRR was 1.62 (95% CI: 1.40-1.86) times higher during Q3 and 1.78 (95% CI: 1.53-2.07) times higher in Q1. IRR was significantly higher in the competitive season compared to pre-season across match (IRR: 2.00, 95% CI: 1.30-3.00) and training (IRR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.11-1.43) injuries.</p><p>CONCLUSIONS: The increased match IRRs later during the season indicate that, in practice, coaches should consider putting even more emphasis on recovery in the last part of the season. Moreover, training injuries seem to indicate a carry-over effect. Further studies need to investigate how training during preparatory phases can be implemented in a way that prevents injuries during the competitive season.</p>},
  author       = {Leventer, L and Eek, F and Lames, M},
  issn         = {1440-2440},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport},
  title        = {Intra-seasonal variation of injury patterns among German Bundesliga soccer players},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.12.001},
  year         = {2018},
}