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Nutritional status and associated factors on geriatric admission

Poulsen, Ingrid LU ; Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill LU and Schroll, M (2006) In Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging 10(2). p.84-90
Abstract
Introduction: The proportion of elderly patients who are undernourished is high and undernutrition has serious health implications. No consensus exists regarding nutritional screening measurements suitable for elderly patients. There is a need to identify risk factors for undernutrition in elderly patients to enable prevention and treatment. Aim: To identify clinically identifiable risk factors for undernutrition in geriatric patients on admission. Methods: Newly admitted patients (n=196, mean age 83.7 years) were examined for nutritional risk factors by the nursing staff. Analyses of variance and multiple regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for undernutrition. Results: Undernutrition was present in 41% of the patients... (More)
Introduction: The proportion of elderly patients who are undernourished is high and undernutrition has serious health implications. No consensus exists regarding nutritional screening measurements suitable for elderly patients. There is a need to identify risk factors for undernutrition in elderly patients to enable prevention and treatment. Aim: To identify clinically identifiable risk factors for undernutrition in geriatric patients on admission. Methods: Newly admitted patients (n=196, mean age 83.7 years) were examined for nutritional risk factors by the nursing staff. Analyses of variance and multiple regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for undernutrition. Results: Undernutrition was present in 41% of the patients using a Body Mass Index cut-off <22 (kg/m(2)) as definition of undernutrition. Poor appetite, oral cavity problems, constipation and nausea or vomiting were frequent problems; the patients also used a high number of medical preparations, including preparations that induced nausea. No help with cooking before admission, poor appetite, oral cavity problems and high age were all significantly associated with undernutrition. Conclusion: To improve nursing care and to prevent undernutrition, it is recommended to routinely examine the patient's mouth and teeth on admission and to assess patients not only for their physical condition (appetite, oral health and nutritional status), but also for their living conditions e.g. help with cooking. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Geriatric Clinic, elderly patients, nutritional status on admission, risk factors
in
Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
volume
10
issue
2
pages
84 - 90
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000237021900002
  • scopus:33645977133
ISSN
1279-7707
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Caring Sciences (Closed 2012) (016514020)
id
fe1b4ed7-f9ed-42d1-9783-3eceb5bf2bd1 (old id 410750)
alternative location
http://www.serdi-fr.com/jnha/page2.php?id=16
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 16:38:50
date last changed
2019-11-20 03:42:06
@article{fe1b4ed7-f9ed-42d1-9783-3eceb5bf2bd1,
  abstract     = {Introduction: The proportion of elderly patients who are undernourished is high and undernutrition has serious health implications. No consensus exists regarding nutritional screening measurements suitable for elderly patients. There is a need to identify risk factors for undernutrition in elderly patients to enable prevention and treatment. Aim: To identify clinically identifiable risk factors for undernutrition in geriatric patients on admission. Methods: Newly admitted patients (n=196, mean age 83.7 years) were examined for nutritional risk factors by the nursing staff. Analyses of variance and multiple regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for undernutrition. Results: Undernutrition was present in 41% of the patients using a Body Mass Index cut-off &lt;22 (kg/m(2)) as definition of undernutrition. Poor appetite, oral cavity problems, constipation and nausea or vomiting were frequent problems; the patients also used a high number of medical preparations, including preparations that induced nausea. No help with cooking before admission, poor appetite, oral cavity problems and high age were all significantly associated with undernutrition. Conclusion: To improve nursing care and to prevent undernutrition, it is recommended to routinely examine the patient's mouth and teeth on admission and to assess patients not only for their physical condition (appetite, oral health and nutritional status), but also for their living conditions e.g. help with cooking.},
  author       = {Poulsen, Ingrid and Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill and Schroll, M},
  issn         = {1279-7707},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {84--90},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging},
  title        = {Nutritional status and associated factors on geriatric admission},
  url          = {http://www.serdi-fr.com/jnha/page2.php?id=16},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2006},
}