Advanced

Intermittent Androgen-deprivation Therapy in Prostate Cancer: A Critical Review Focused on Phase 3 Trials

Sciarra, Alessandro; Abrahamsson, Per-Anders LU ; Brausi, Maurizio; Galsky, Matthew; Mottet, Nicolas; Sartor, Oliver; Tammela, Teuvo L. J. and da Silva, Fernando Calais (2013) In European Urology 64(5). p.722-730
Abstract
Context: Intermittent androgen deprivation (IAD) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients has been proposed to delay development of castration resistance and to reduce the side effects and costs of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Objective: This review analyzes (1) the oncologic and quality of life (QoL) results from randomized phase 3 trials comparing IAD and continuous ADT and (2) the prognostic parameters for IAD. Evidence acquisition: We searched the Medline and Cochrane Library databases (primary fields: prostate neoplasm and intermittent androgen deprivation; secondary fields: randomized trials, survival, quality of life, predictors) without language restriction. Evidence synthesis: We found seven extensively described phase 3 trials... (More)
Context: Intermittent androgen deprivation (IAD) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients has been proposed to delay development of castration resistance and to reduce the side effects and costs of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Objective: This review analyzes (1) the oncologic and quality of life (QoL) results from randomized phase 3 trials comparing IAD and continuous ADT and (2) the prognostic parameters for IAD. Evidence acquisition: We searched the Medline and Cochrane Library databases (primary fields: prostate neoplasm and intermittent androgen deprivation; secondary fields: randomized trials, survival, quality of life, predictors) without language restriction. Evidence synthesis: We found seven extensively described phase 3 trials randomizing 4675 patients to IAD versus continuous ADT. Other randomized trials investigating IAD have been performed, but available data are limited and have been published only in preliminary fashion. In all seven trials, patients spent most of their time on, rather than off, ADT. The induction periods ranged from 3 mo to 8 mo; in all but one trial, the PSA level designated for ADT discontinuation was <4 ng/ml. Mean follow-up ranged from 40-108 mo. Collectively, these trials support the concept that, mainly in metastatic cases, IAD can produce oncologic results similar to continuous ADT. In terms of overall survival, the hazard ratios for IAD and continuous ADT were very similar (range: 0.98-1.08). The QoL benefit of IAD appears to be modest at best. With IAD, QoL is likely influenced by the duration of the off-treatment periods and by the rate of testosterone recovery. Conclusions: The evidence indicates that IAD is not inferior to continuous ADT. Data are insufficient to determine whether IAD is able to prevent the long-term complications of ADT. More comparative analysis focused on QoL is warranted. (C) 2013 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Prostate neoplasm, Androgen deprivation, Intermittent therapy
in
European Urology
volume
64
issue
5
pages
722 - 730
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000325478100013
  • scopus:84885426028
ISSN
1873-7560
DOI
10.1016/j.eururo.2013.04.020
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fe47e914-fec0-429e-8764-b52b02136ce5 (old id 4160298)
date added to LUP
2013-12-06 12:23:20
date last changed
2019-06-25 02:00:29
@article{fe47e914-fec0-429e-8764-b52b02136ce5,
  abstract     = {Context: Intermittent androgen deprivation (IAD) in prostate cancer (PCa) patients has been proposed to delay development of castration resistance and to reduce the side effects and costs of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Objective: This review analyzes (1) the oncologic and quality of life (QoL) results from randomized phase 3 trials comparing IAD and continuous ADT and (2) the prognostic parameters for IAD. Evidence acquisition: We searched the Medline and Cochrane Library databases (primary fields: prostate neoplasm and intermittent androgen deprivation; secondary fields: randomized trials, survival, quality of life, predictors) without language restriction. Evidence synthesis: We found seven extensively described phase 3 trials randomizing 4675 patients to IAD versus continuous ADT. Other randomized trials investigating IAD have been performed, but available data are limited and have been published only in preliminary fashion. In all seven trials, patients spent most of their time on, rather than off, ADT. The induction periods ranged from 3 mo to 8 mo; in all but one trial, the PSA level designated for ADT discontinuation was &lt;4 ng/ml. Mean follow-up ranged from 40-108 mo. Collectively, these trials support the concept that, mainly in metastatic cases, IAD can produce oncologic results similar to continuous ADT. In terms of overall survival, the hazard ratios for IAD and continuous ADT were very similar (range: 0.98-1.08). The QoL benefit of IAD appears to be modest at best. With IAD, QoL is likely influenced by the duration of the off-treatment periods and by the rate of testosterone recovery. Conclusions: The evidence indicates that IAD is not inferior to continuous ADT. Data are insufficient to determine whether IAD is able to prevent the long-term complications of ADT. More comparative analysis focused on QoL is warranted. (C) 2013 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Sciarra, Alessandro and Abrahamsson, Per-Anders and Brausi, Maurizio and Galsky, Matthew and Mottet, Nicolas and Sartor, Oliver and Tammela, Teuvo L. J. and da Silva, Fernando Calais},
  issn         = {1873-7560},
  keyword      = {Prostate neoplasm,Androgen deprivation,Intermittent therapy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {722--730},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {European Urology},
  title        = {Intermittent Androgen-deprivation Therapy in Prostate Cancer: A Critical Review Focused on Phase 3 Trials},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2013.04.020},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2013},
}