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The role of Additive Manufacturing technology in job creation : An exploratory case study of suppliers of Additive Manufacturing in Sweden

Kianian, Babak LU ; Tavassoli, Sam LU and Larsson, Tobias C. LU (2015) CIRP 13th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing In Procedia CIRP 26. p.93-98
Abstract

This paper investigates how Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies, as a process innovation, may contribute to a job creation. Further, the various mechanisms in which AM may contribute to an increase in job creation as well as the types of jobs are analyzed. The analysis also goes beyond AM technologies and incorporates other non-technological factors which foster job creation, i.e. higher wages in BRIC countries, lower quality in BRIC countries, and a rising demand for western-made products. The analysis is based on a case study and the data collected was through interviews with three prominent actors within the AM technologies field in Sweden: technology developers, leading suppliers and users. The main findings indicate that AM... (More)

This paper investigates how Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies, as a process innovation, may contribute to a job creation. Further, the various mechanisms in which AM may contribute to an increase in job creation as well as the types of jobs are analyzed. The analysis also goes beyond AM technologies and incorporates other non-technological factors which foster job creation, i.e. higher wages in BRIC countries, lower quality in BRIC countries, and a rising demand for western-made products. The analysis is based on a case study and the data collected was through interviews with three prominent actors within the AM technologies field in Sweden: technology developers, leading suppliers and users. The main findings indicate that AM (i) contributes to job creation in both the manufacturing sector and in the service sector, (ii) does not bring back mass production jobs from emerging economies such as BRIC, (iii) contributes to job creation in product development stages (e.g. rapid prototyping), and (iv) contributes to job creation in production stages of low-volume batches mainly of complex products. The findings also suggest there are barriers for full exploitation of AM in several areas, including education systems.

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author
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
3D printing, Additive manufacturing technologies, Exploratory case study, Job creation, Sweden
in
Procedia CIRP
volume
26
pages
6 pages
conference name
CIRP 13th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing
external identifiers
  • scopus:84939632814
ISBN
2212-8271
DOI
10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.109
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
fea72b19-07fd-4d2f-b6ad-eb350d95d08d
date added to LUP
2016-12-15 14:45:40
date last changed
2017-06-25 04:57:25
@inproceedings{fea72b19-07fd-4d2f-b6ad-eb350d95d08d,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper investigates how Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies, as a process innovation, may contribute to a job creation. Further, the various mechanisms in which AM may contribute to an increase in job creation as well as the types of jobs are analyzed. The analysis also goes beyond AM technologies and incorporates other non-technological factors which foster job creation, i.e. higher wages in BRIC countries, lower quality in BRIC countries, and a rising demand for western-made products. The analysis is based on a case study and the data collected was through interviews with three prominent actors within the AM technologies field in Sweden: technology developers, leading suppliers and users. The main findings indicate that AM (i) contributes to job creation in both the manufacturing sector and in the service sector, (ii) does not bring back mass production jobs from emerging economies such as BRIC, (iii) contributes to job creation in product development stages (e.g. rapid prototyping), and (iv) contributes to job creation in production stages of low-volume batches mainly of complex products. The findings also suggest there are barriers for full exploitation of AM in several areas, including education systems.</p>},
  author       = {Kianian, Babak and Tavassoli, Sam and Larsson, Tobias C.},
  booktitle    = {Procedia CIRP},
  isbn         = {2212-8271},
  keyword      = {3D printing,Additive manufacturing technologies,Exploratory case study,Job creation,Sweden},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {93--98},
  title        = {The role of Additive Manufacturing technology in job creation : An exploratory case study of suppliers of Additive Manufacturing in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.109},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2015},
}