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Integrating supply chains for emergencies and ongoing operations in UNHCR

Jahre, Marianne LU ; Kembro, Joakim LU ; Rezvanian, Tina; Ergun, Ozlem; Håpnes, Svein J. and Berling, Peter LU (2016) In The ICFAI Journal of Operations Management 45. p.57-72
Abstract

Humanitarian organizations (HOs) often base their warehouse locations on individuals' experience and knowledge rather than on decision-support tools. Many HOs run separate supply chains for emergency response and ongoing operations. Based on reviews of humanitarian network design literature combined with an in-depth case study of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this paper presents a warehouse location model for joint prepositioning that incorporates political and security situation factors. Although accessibility, co-location, security, and human resources are crucial to the practice of humanitarian operations management, such contextual factors have not been included in existing network optimization models... (More)

Humanitarian organizations (HOs) often base their warehouse locations on individuals' experience and knowledge rather than on decision-support tools. Many HOs run separate supply chains for emergency response and ongoing operations. Based on reviews of humanitarian network design literature combined with an in-depth case study of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this paper presents a warehouse location model for joint prepositioning that incorporates political and security situation factors. Although accessibility, co-location, security, and human resources are crucial to the practice of humanitarian operations management, such contextual factors have not been included in existing network optimization models before. We found that when quantified, and modeled, such factors are important determinants of network configuration. In addition, our results suggest that joint prepositioning for emergency response and ongoing operations allows for expansion of the global warehouse network, and reducing cost and response time.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Facility location, Network configuration, Prepositioning, UNHCR
in
The ICFAI Journal of Operations Management
volume
45
pages
16 pages
publisher
The ICFAI University Press
external identifiers
  • scopus:84982190158
  • wos:000382599100005
ISSN
0272-6963
DOI
10.1016/j.jom.2016.05.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ff317fdf-4e6a-42fd-ad1b-9882fe89c3f8
date added to LUP
2017-01-18 09:23:01
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:32:16
@article{ff317fdf-4e6a-42fd-ad1b-9882fe89c3f8,
  abstract     = {<p>Humanitarian organizations (HOs) often base their warehouse locations on individuals' experience and knowledge rather than on decision-support tools. Many HOs run separate supply chains for emergency response and ongoing operations. Based on reviews of humanitarian network design literature combined with an in-depth case study of United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this paper presents a warehouse location model for joint prepositioning that incorporates political and security situation factors. Although accessibility, co-location, security, and human resources are crucial to the practice of humanitarian operations management, such contextual factors have not been included in existing network optimization models before. We found that when quantified, and modeled, such factors are important determinants of network configuration. In addition, our results suggest that joint prepositioning for emergency response and ongoing operations allows for expansion of the global warehouse network, and reducing cost and response time.</p>},
  author       = {Jahre, Marianne and Kembro, Joakim and Rezvanian, Tina and Ergun, Ozlem and Håpnes, Svein J. and Berling, Peter},
  issn         = {0272-6963},
  keyword      = {Facility location,Network configuration,Prepositioning,UNHCR},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {57--72},
  publisher    = {The ICFAI University Press},
  series       = {The ICFAI Journal of Operations Management},
  title        = {Integrating supply chains for emergencies and ongoing operations in UNHCR},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2016.05.009},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2016},
}