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Advances in integrating traditional and omic biomarkers when analyzing the effects of the mediterranean diet intervention in cardiovascular prevention

Fitó, Montserrat; Melander, Olle LU ; Martínez, José Alfredo; Toledo, Estefanía; Carpéné, Christian and Corella, Dolores (2016) In International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17(9).
Abstract

Intervention with Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has provided a high level of evidence in primary prevention of cardiovascular events. Besides enhancing protection from classical risk factors, an improvement has also been described in a number of non-classical ones. Benefits have been reported on biomarkers of oxidation, inflammation, cellular adhesion, adipokine production, and pro-thrombotic state. Although the benefits of the MedDiet have been attributed to its richness in antioxidants, the mechanisms by which it exercises its beneficial effects are not well known. It is thought that the integration of omics including genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and metabolomics, into studies analyzing nutrition and cardiovascular diseases... (More)

Intervention with Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has provided a high level of evidence in primary prevention of cardiovascular events. Besides enhancing protection from classical risk factors, an improvement has also been described in a number of non-classical ones. Benefits have been reported on biomarkers of oxidation, inflammation, cellular adhesion, adipokine production, and pro-thrombotic state. Although the benefits of the MedDiet have been attributed to its richness in antioxidants, the mechanisms by which it exercises its beneficial effects are not well known. It is thought that the integration of omics including genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and metabolomics, into studies analyzing nutrition and cardiovascular diseases will provide new clues regarding these mechanisms. However, omics integration is still in its infancy. Currently, some single-omics analyses have provided valuable data, mostly in the field of genomics. Thus, several gene-diet interactions in determining both intermediate (plasma lipids, etc.) and final cardiovascular phenotypes (stroke, myocardial infarction, etc.) have been reported. However, few studies have analyzed changes in gene expression and, moreover very few have focused on epigenomic or metabolomic biomarkers related to the MedDiet. Nevertheless, these preliminary results can help to better understand the inter-individual differences in cardiovascular risk and dietary response for further applications in personalized nutrition.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biomarkers, Cardiovascular, Gene-diet interactions, Mediterranean diet, Omics
in
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
volume
17
issue
9
publisher
MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT
external identifiers
  • scopus:84985994288
  • wos:000385525500095
ISSN
1661-6596
DOI
10.3390/ijms17091469
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ffdee9ff-f22b-4375-9237-c2c6281b2baa
date added to LUP
2016-11-09 13:17:15
date last changed
2017-11-05 05:09:17
@article{ffdee9ff-f22b-4375-9237-c2c6281b2baa,
  abstract     = {<p>Intervention with Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has provided a high level of evidence in primary prevention of cardiovascular events. Besides enhancing protection from classical risk factors, an improvement has also been described in a number of non-classical ones. Benefits have been reported on biomarkers of oxidation, inflammation, cellular adhesion, adipokine production, and pro-thrombotic state. Although the benefits of the MedDiet have been attributed to its richness in antioxidants, the mechanisms by which it exercises its beneficial effects are not well known. It is thought that the integration of omics including genomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, and metabolomics, into studies analyzing nutrition and cardiovascular diseases will provide new clues regarding these mechanisms. However, omics integration is still in its infancy. Currently, some single-omics analyses have provided valuable data, mostly in the field of genomics. Thus, several gene-diet interactions in determining both intermediate (plasma lipids, etc.) and final cardiovascular phenotypes (stroke, myocardial infarction, etc.) have been reported. However, few studies have analyzed changes in gene expression and, moreover very few have focused on epigenomic or metabolomic biomarkers related to the MedDiet. Nevertheless, these preliminary results can help to better understand the inter-individual differences in cardiovascular risk and dietary response for further applications in personalized nutrition.</p>},
  articleno    = {1469},
  author       = {Fitó, Montserrat and Melander, Olle and Martínez, José Alfredo and Toledo, Estefanía and Carpéné, Christian and Corella, Dolores},
  issn         = {1661-6596},
  keyword      = {Biomarkers,Cardiovascular,Gene-diet interactions,Mediterranean diet,Omics},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  number       = {9},
  publisher    = {MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INT},
  series       = {International Journal of Molecular Sciences},
  title        = {Advances in integrating traditional and omic biomarkers when analyzing the effects of the mediterranean diet intervention in cardiovascular prevention},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms17091469},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2016},
}