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Investigating the development of forest-based bioenergy: Transferring knowledge from Sweden to Poland

Bilic, Dinko LU (2010) In IIIEE Master thesis IMEN56 20101
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
Bound by the European Union policy, Poland needs to increase the share of renewable energy by 7,5% by 2010 and 15% by 2020. Biomass was once viewed as the largest potential for expansion of renewable energy in Poland. However, in the light of this thesis work, it appears that recent legislation and the standpoint of the State Forest Company will result in the barely emerging market for biomass from forests being phased out.
Supportive policies for production of renewable electricity in Poland are complicated systems of tradable permits. The policy provides strong incentives for co-firing with biomass which resulted in huge demand by almost all energy companies in Poland. This practice of co-firing is an intermediate solution towards... (More)
Bound by the European Union policy, Poland needs to increase the share of renewable energy by 7,5% by 2010 and 15% by 2020. Biomass was once viewed as the largest potential for expansion of renewable energy in Poland. However, in the light of this thesis work, it appears that recent legislation and the standpoint of the State Forest Company will result in the barely emerging market for biomass from forests being phased out.
Supportive policies for production of renewable electricity in Poland are complicated systems of tradable permits. The policy provides strong incentives for co-firing with biomass which resulted in huge demand by almost all energy companies in Poland. This practice of co-firing is an intermediate solution towards dedicated biomass installations. With many problems in the supply chain it is hard to visualize the transition to the dedicated biomass combustion.
The supply chain of forest biomass in Poland is very weak. For that purpose, a comparison with Sweden is conducted in this thesis in order to identify crucial steps and to overcome critical barriers.
The results of the analysis show that the key policy instrument in Sweden is the carbon tax. Taxation of fossil fuels is an effective way to stimulate use of less carbon intensive fuels such as biomass. Expansion of the district heating sector was most affected by the carbon tax and consequently contributed the most to the expansion of the use of biomass.
These lessons cannot be easily translated to Poland. The protection of the plywood industry and coal mining industry has resulted in the legal obligation to decrease forest fuels in all installations larger than 5 MW and ultimately cancel them by the year 2017. Poland will have to look for renewable targets in alternative sources, such as waste or energy crops for example. (Less)
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author
Bilic, Dinko LU
supervisor
organization
course
IMEN56 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
publication/series
IIIEE Master thesis
report number
2010:03
ISSN
1401-9191
funder
Swedish Energy Agency
language
English
id
1776415
date added to LUP
2011-01-31 15:45:53
date last changed
2014-04-22 13:06:01
@misc{1776415,
  abstract     = {Bound by the European Union policy, Poland needs to increase the share of renewable energy by 7,5% by 2010 and 15% by 2020. Biomass was once viewed as the largest potential for expansion of renewable energy in Poland. However, in the light of this thesis work, it appears that recent legislation and the standpoint of the State Forest Company will result in the barely emerging market for biomass from forests being phased out.
Supportive policies for production of renewable electricity in Poland are complicated systems of tradable permits. The policy provides strong incentives for co-firing with biomass which resulted in huge demand by almost all energy companies in Poland. This practice of co-firing is an intermediate solution towards dedicated biomass installations. With many problems in the supply chain it is hard to visualize the transition to the dedicated biomass combustion.
The supply chain of forest biomass in Poland is very weak. For that purpose, a comparison with Sweden is conducted in this thesis in order to identify crucial steps and to overcome critical barriers.
The results of the analysis show that the key policy instrument in Sweden is the carbon tax. Taxation of fossil fuels is an effective way to stimulate use of less carbon intensive fuels such as biomass. Expansion of the district heating sector was most affected by the carbon tax and consequently contributed the most to the expansion of the use of biomass.
These lessons cannot be easily translated to Poland. The protection of the plywood industry and coal mining industry has resulted in the legal obligation to decrease forest fuels in all installations larger than 5 MW and ultimately cancel them by the year 2017. Poland will have to look for renewable targets in alternative sources, such as waste or energy crops for example.},
  author       = {Bilic, Dinko},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Master thesis},
  title        = {Investigating the development of forest-based bioenergy: Transferring knowledge from Sweden to Poland},
  year         = {2010},
}