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Högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor - om professionalisering och utveckling av anställningsbarhet

Löfgren Martinsson, Maria LU (2008)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Relationen mellan högre utbildning och nyutbildade akademikers arbetsliv har diskuterats intensivt sedan början av 1990-talet. Å ena sidan förekommer ständiga klagomål om en påstådd diskrepans mellan den kompetens de nyutbildade besitter och den kompetens som potentiella arbetsgivare kräver. Å andra sidan har representanter för högre utbildning betonat universitetens oberoende roll, betydelsen av ämnesmässigt djup och kritiskt tänkande. Under de senaste åren har anställningsbarhet blivit ett nyckelbegrepp i denna diskussion. Situationen vad avser relationen mellan högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor är likartad eller till och med mera komplex. Emeelrtid erbjuder... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Relationen mellan högre utbildning och nyutbildade akademikers arbetsliv har diskuterats intensivt sedan början av 1990-talet. Å ena sidan förekommer ständiga klagomål om en påstådd diskrepans mellan den kompetens de nyutbildade besitter och den kompetens som potentiella arbetsgivare kräver. Å andra sidan har representanter för högre utbildning betonat universitetens oberoende roll, betydelsen av ämnesmässigt djup och kritiskt tänkande. Under de senaste åren har anställningsbarhet blivit ett nyckelbegrepp i denna diskussion. Situationen vad avser relationen mellan högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor är likartad eller till och med mera komplex. Emeelrtid erbjuder forskning inom fälten Human Resource Development (HRD) och Higher education and graduate employment några sätt att hantera problemet.

Avhandlingens syfte har varit att beskriva och analysera relationen mellan högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor i termer av anställningsbarhet och professionalisering samt att diskutera hur högre utbildning kan bidra till utveckling därvidlag. Avhandlingen är skriven utifrån ett miljöpedagogiskt perspektiv. Två undersökningar har genomförts, en teoretisk och en empirisk.



Den teoretiska undersökningen involverar en analys av forskningsområdet Higher education and graduate employment, följd av en forskningsöversikt rörande begreppen anställningsbarhet, kompetens och professionalisering. Dessa begrepp används sedan för att analysera och problematisera högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor med avseende på utveckling av anställningsbarhet och professionalisering. Relationen mellan högre utbildning och akademikers arbete kan beskrivas som ett diskrepans- eller matchningsproblem. Diskrepansens karaktär utgörs primärt av gapet mellan den kompetens arbetsgivarna kräver och den kompetens de nyutbildade akademikerna besitter. Konsekvenserna kan beskrivas i termer av kulturella skillnader, utbildnings- och kursplansrelaterade problem samt de studerandes förberedelse för arbetslivet. Utifrån uppfattningen om högre utbildning som kvalificerande identifierades två konstruktioner av anställningbarhet, som färdigheter och som Bortom färdigheter. Dessa generella resultat speglas också i personal- och arbetslivsområdet. Givet den komplexa naturen av området och de parallella inriktningar som där ryms, blir diskrepansproblemet tydligt. De skilda inriktningarna inom HRD kan ses inom hela personal- och arbetslivsområdet. Skillnaderna bygger på de underliggande konstruktioner som rör kompetens, syn på kunskap liksom spänningen mellan teori och praktik. HRD-forskning används för att nyansera och balansera de två anställningsbarhetsbegreppen och en preliminär modell utvecklas. I den empiriska undersökningen beskrivs och analyseras studerandes erfarenheter av en kurs inom ramen för Programmet för personal- och arbetslivsfrågor i Lund. Analysen gjordes mot bakgrund av hur de tolkade och förstod de givna gruppuppgifterna, hur de grep sig an uppgifterna, deras benägenhet att ändra sina handlingsstrategier samt deras förhållningssätt till grupprocessen, satt i relation till hur de uppfattade sin egen utveckling. Tolkningen av uppgifterna liksom deras benägenhet att ändra handlingsstrategi föreföll mest betydelsefullt för utveckling av anställningsbarhet. Vad gäller personlig utveckling som en del av ett vidare anställningsbarhetsbegrepp, bortom färdigheter, framstod förhållningssättet till grupprocess och konflikt som mest betydelsefullt. (Less)
Abstract
The issue of higher education and its relation to the working life of graduates has been intensely discussed since the beginning of the 1990’s. There have been constant complaints about an alleged mismatch between graduate competence and competence required by potential employers, regardless of field. On the other hand, representatives of higher education have stressed the independent role of universities, the importance of disciplinary depth as well as the impor¬tance of critical thinking. During the last couple of years, employability has become a key concept in this debate. The situation as regards to the relation between higher education and work in the field of human resources is no different or entails an even more complicated... (More)
The issue of higher education and its relation to the working life of graduates has been intensely discussed since the beginning of the 1990’s. There have been constant complaints about an alleged mismatch between graduate competence and competence required by potential employers, regardless of field. On the other hand, representatives of higher education have stressed the independent role of universities, the importance of disciplinary depth as well as the impor¬tance of critical thinking. During the last couple of years, employability has become a key concept in this debate. The situation as regards to the relation between higher education and work in the field of human resources is no different or entails an even more complicated picture. However, research in the field of Human Resource Development as well as Higher education and graduate employment outline some ways of dealing with the problem.

The purpose of this thesis has been to analyse the relationship between HR education and work in terms of employability development as well as to discuss how higher education can contribute to such a development. The thesis also aims at contributing to the debate concerning the professionalization of HR work as well as the responsibilities of higher education accordingly.

The thesis is written from a contextual-didactic perspective. Two investi¬gations have been carried out, one theoretical and one empirical.

The theoretical investigation involved an analysis of the wider research area of Higher education and gradu¬ate employment, followed by an overview of research on the concepts of employability, competence, and professionalization. These concepts were then used to analyze and problematize HR education and work in terms of the development of employability and professionalization. The relationship between higher education and graduate employment can be described in terms of a discrepancy problem. The character of the discrepancy primarily consists in the gap between competence required by employers and the competence held by graduates. The consequences of this discrepancy problem can be described in terms of cultural differences, curricu¬lar problems as well as the preparation of graduates for the issues of working life. These general findings also reflect on HR education and work. Given the complex nature of the HR field and its parallel discourses, the discrepancy problem is even more evident. Opposite tendencies within HRD can be detected within the entire HR profession. Underlying these differences is a variety of constructions regarding the concept of competence, epistemological differences as well as tensions between theory and practice. In the empirical investigation the experiences of students as regards to a course within the HR program in Lund was described and analyzed according to their interpreta¬tion of given tasks, their approach in dealing with these tasks, their readiness to change their approach if necessary and their use of in-group processes as a means of learning. All perspectives were considered in relation to the students’ experiences of their own development. The interpretation of the task as well as their readiness to change seemed most important to the development of employability. As concerns personal development, the attention to group processes and conflict appeared important. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • professor Magnus, Söderström, University of Växjö
organization
alternative title
Human Resource education and work - in terms of professionalization and employability development
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor, personalvetare, kompetens, graduate employment, Higher education, professional competence, Human Resource work, contextual-didactic perspective, professionalisering, miljöpedagogiskt perspektiv, Human Resource development, anställningsbarhet, employability
pages
208 pages
publisher
Department of Education, Lund University
defense location
Edens hörsal
defense date
2008-03-28 10:00
ISBN
978-91-628-7427-8
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
683fa653-00ca-45c7-803c-88088757189a (old id 1038648)
date added to LUP
2008-03-03 13:54:52
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:06
@misc{683fa653-00ca-45c7-803c-88088757189a,
  abstract     = {The issue of higher education and its relation to the working life of graduates has been intensely discussed since the beginning of the 1990’s. There have been constant complaints about an alleged mismatch between graduate competence and competence required by potential employers, regardless of field. On the other hand, representatives of higher education have stressed the independent role of universities, the importance of disciplinary depth as well as the impor¬tance of critical thinking. During the last couple of years, employability has become a key concept in this debate. The situation as regards to the relation between higher education and work in the field of human resources is no different or entails an even more complicated picture. However, research in the field of Human Resource Development as well as Higher education and graduate employment outline some ways of dealing with the problem. <br/><br>
The purpose of this thesis has been to analyse the relationship between HR education and work in terms of employability development as well as to discuss how higher education can contribute to such a development. The thesis also aims at contributing to the debate concerning the professionalization of HR work as well as the responsibilities of higher education accordingly. <br/><br>
The thesis is written from a contextual-didactic perspective. Two investi¬gations have been carried out, one theoretical and one empirical. <br/><br>
The theoretical investigation involved an analysis of the wider research area of Higher education and gradu¬ate employment, followed by an overview of research on the concepts of employability, competence, and professionalization. These concepts were then used to analyze and problematize HR education and work in terms of the development of employability and professionalization. The relationship between higher education and graduate employment can be described in terms of a discrepancy problem. The character of the discrepancy primarily consists in the gap between competence required by employers and the competence held by graduates. The consequences of this discrepancy problem can be described in terms of cultural differences, curricu¬lar problems as well as the preparation of graduates for the issues of working life. These general findings also reflect on HR education and work. Given the complex nature of the HR field and its parallel discourses, the discrepancy problem is even more evident. Opposite tendencies within HRD can be detected within the entire HR profession. Underlying these differences is a variety of constructions regarding the concept of competence, epistemological differences as well as tensions between theory and practice. In the empirical investigation the experiences of students as regards to a course within the HR program in Lund was described and analyzed according to their interpreta¬tion of given tasks, their approach in dealing with these tasks, their readiness to change their approach if necessary and their use of in-group processes as a means of learning. All perspectives were considered in relation to the students’ experiences of their own development. The interpretation of the task as well as their readiness to change seemed most important to the development of employability. As concerns personal development, the attention to group processes and conflict appeared important.},
  author       = {Löfgren Martinsson, Maria},
  isbn         = {978-91-628-7427-8},
  keyword      = {arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor,personalvetare,kompetens,graduate employment,Higher education,professional competence,Human Resource work,contextual-didactic perspective,professionalisering,miljöpedagogiskt perspektiv,Human Resource development,anställningsbarhet,employability},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {208},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x919a9f8)},
  title        = {Högre utbildning och arbete med personal- och arbetslivsfrågor - om professionalisering och utveckling av anställningsbarhet},
  year         = {2008},
}