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Corpus methods for the investigation of antonyms across languages

Paradis, Carita LU (2016) In The lexical typology of semantic shifts 58. p.131-156
Abstract
This chapter proposes an onomasiological research methodology for
cross-linguistic investigations of antonyms. The basic assumption is that there
is a number of strongly opposable lexical semantic pairings in all languages,
whose meanings are central to human existence, e.g. speed slow–fast, luminosity, dark–light, strength weak–strong, size small–large. There is also a large number of other pairings that are frequently used as antonyms in discourse, but for various different reasons they are not as strongly coupled as the canonical ones. The meaning dimensions of the canonical pairings, e.g. speed, luminosity, strength, size, are used as the point of departure for the typological research program to identify the use of the... (More)
This chapter proposes an onomasiological research methodology for
cross-linguistic investigations of antonyms. The basic assumption is that there
is a number of strongly opposable lexical semantic pairings in all languages,
whose meanings are central to human existence, e.g. speed slow–fast, luminosity, dark–light, strength weak–strong, size small–large. There is also a large number of other pairings that are frequently used as antonyms in discourse, but for various different reasons they are not as strongly coupled as the canonical ones. The meaning dimensions of the canonical pairings, e.g. speed, luminosity, strength, size, are used as the point of departure for the typological research program to identify the use of the antonymic words in different combinations and in different semantic frames in a principled way across languages and cultures. Large scale studies carried out along the lines proposed will make it possible to produce a typological antonym atlas of the formal realization of antonym pairs and their usage patterns, at the same time as it will allow us to make statements about the role of binary opposition in language and cognition more generally. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
The lexical typology of semantic shifts
editor
Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria and Juvonen , Päivi
volume
58
pages
131 - 156
publisher
De Gruyter Mouton
ISSN
1861-4132
ISBN
978-3-11-037752-1
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e3836205-1fa2-477e-a54e-8834cf3bdce5 (old id 3172953)
date added to LUP
2012-11-22 14:32:00
date last changed
2016-11-09 08:28:20
@misc{e3836205-1fa2-477e-a54e-8834cf3bdce5,
  abstract     = {This chapter proposes an onomasiological research methodology for<br/>cross-linguistic investigations of antonyms. The basic assumption is that there<br/>is a number of strongly opposable lexical semantic pairings in all languages,<br/>whose meanings are central to human existence, e.g. speed slow–fast, luminosity, dark–light, strength weak–strong, size small–large. There is also a large number of other pairings that are frequently used as antonyms in discourse, but for various different reasons they are not as strongly coupled as the canonical ones. The meaning dimensions of the canonical pairings, e.g. speed, luminosity, strength, size, are used as the point of departure for the typological research program to identify the use of the antonymic words in different combinations and in different semantic frames in a principled way across languages and cultures. Large scale studies carried out along the lines proposed will make it possible to produce a typological antonym atlas of the formal realization of antonym pairs and their usage patterns, at the same time as it will allow us to make statements about the role of binary opposition in language and cognition more generally.},
  author       = {Paradis, Carita},
  editor       = {Koptjevskaja-Tamm, Maria and  Juvonen , Päivi},
  isbn         = {978-3-11-037752-1},
  issn         = {1861-4132},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {131--156},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xe5720b8)},
  series       = {The lexical typology of semantic shifts},
  title        = {Corpus methods for the investigation of antonyms across languages},
  volume       = {58},
  year         = {2016},
}