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Mass Transport in Apple Tissue: Effects of Tissue Structure and Osmotic Processing Conditions.

Mavroudis, Nikolaos LU (2003)
Abstract
Osmotic processing can be a very useful processing step in today’s food industry enabling the production of high quality natural food ingredients out of plant tissues. The maintenance of high product quality is quite product specific with regard to quality attributes. These attributes include fresh/like appearance, taste, texture and composition. Modern manufacturing trends and legislation regarding food labelling imposes great demand on methods to deliver the quality attributes imposed on the food industry by consumer preferences. This includes the accurate control of raw material characteristics and process parameters in each unit operation used for the manufacturing of an ingredient/product. This in turn calls for an improved... (More)
Osmotic processing can be a very useful processing step in today’s food industry enabling the production of high quality natural food ingredients out of plant tissues. The maintenance of high product quality is quite product specific with regard to quality attributes. These attributes include fresh/like appearance, taste, texture and composition. Modern manufacturing trends and legislation regarding food labelling imposes great demand on methods to deliver the quality attributes imposed on the food industry by consumer preferences. This includes the accurate control of raw material characteristics and process parameters in each unit operation used for the manufacturing of an ingredient/product. This in turn calls for an improved understanding of product–process interactions.



The present study attempts to enhance our understanding of product-process interactions in mass transport phenomena during osmotic processing. Recognising the biological nature of plant tissue and the significance of tissue structure in mass transport, the emphasis was placed on understanding the effects of initial tissue structure, raw material characteristics and structural alterations at the tissue and cellular level. Process conditions have been studied extensively in the past, therefore, the contribution to this area was focused on parameters useful for validating assumptions/suggestions arising from the interpretation of our results based on plant physiology concepts (i.e. temperature, medium composition). The medium agitation was the only process condition studied for clarifying its impact on the kinetics of water loss and solid gain, the two main process responses in osmotic processing.



Acknowledging the biological nature of the raw materials led to the combination of food engineering and plant science concepts/methodologies. The best illustration of the synergy between these two different scientific areas has been the documentation of the existence of cell death instead of the previously held assumption that only cell plasmolysis proceeds immersion of plant tissue into the osmotic solution. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Prof Dalla Rosa, Marco, Dept. of Food Sci. & Tech., Univ. of Bologna, Italy.
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Food and drink technology, Livsmedelsteknik, drying, porosity, shrinkage, cell vitality, apple structure, apple, osmotic processing, mass transport, mass transport mechanisms
pages
170 pages
publisher
Nikolaos E. Mavroudis, Unilever Research at Colworth, Sharnbrook, Bedford, MK441LQ, UK.,
defense location
Sal B, Kemicentrum, Lund
defense date
2003-02-18 10:15
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f65747f6-2c25-41b2-b4b6-c119186804be (old id 465424)
date added to LUP
2007-10-14 14:19:24
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:15
@misc{f65747f6-2c25-41b2-b4b6-c119186804be,
  abstract     = {Osmotic processing can be a very useful processing step in today’s food industry enabling the production of high quality natural food ingredients out of plant tissues. The maintenance of high product quality is quite product specific with regard to quality attributes. These attributes include fresh/like appearance, taste, texture and composition. Modern manufacturing trends and legislation regarding food labelling imposes great demand on methods to deliver the quality attributes imposed on the food industry by consumer preferences. This includes the accurate control of raw material characteristics and process parameters in each unit operation used for the manufacturing of an ingredient/product. This in turn calls for an improved understanding of product–process interactions.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The present study attempts to enhance our understanding of product-process interactions in mass transport phenomena during osmotic processing. Recognising the biological nature of plant tissue and the significance of tissue structure in mass transport, the emphasis was placed on understanding the effects of initial tissue structure, raw material characteristics and structural alterations at the tissue and cellular level. Process conditions have been studied extensively in the past, therefore, the contribution to this area was focused on parameters useful for validating assumptions/suggestions arising from the interpretation of our results based on plant physiology concepts (i.e. temperature, medium composition). The medium agitation was the only process condition studied for clarifying its impact on the kinetics of water loss and solid gain, the two main process responses in osmotic processing.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Acknowledging the biological nature of the raw materials led to the combination of food engineering and plant science concepts/methodologies. The best illustration of the synergy between these two different scientific areas has been the documentation of the existence of cell death instead of the previously held assumption that only cell plasmolysis proceeds immersion of plant tissue into the osmotic solution.},
  author       = {Mavroudis, Nikolaos},
  keyword      = {Food and drink technology,Livsmedelsteknik,drying,porosity,shrinkage,cell vitality,apple structure,apple,osmotic processing,mass transport,mass transport mechanisms},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {170},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9c19bd8)},
  title        = {Mass Transport in Apple Tissue: Effects of Tissue Structure and Osmotic Processing Conditions.},
  year         = {2003},
}