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Modeling the interplay between conditioning and attention in a humanoid robot : habituation and attentional blocking

Billing, Erik and Balkenius, Christian LU (2014) 2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob) In Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob), 2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on p.41-47
Abstract
A novel model of role of conditioning in attention is presented and evaluated on a Nao humanoid robot. The model implements conditioning and habituation in interaction with a dynamic neural field where different stimuli compete for activation. The model can be seen as a demonstration of how stimulus-selection and action-selection can be combined and illustrates how positive or negative reinforcement have different effects on attention and action. Attention is directed toward both rewarding and punishing stimuli, but appetitive actions are only directed toward positive stimuli. We present experiments where the model is used to control a Nao robot in a task where it can select between two objects. The model demonstrates some emergent effects... (More)
A novel model of role of conditioning in attention is presented and evaluated on a Nao humanoid robot. The model implements conditioning and habituation in interaction with a dynamic neural field where different stimuli compete for activation. The model can be seen as a demonstration of how stimulus-selection and action-selection can be combined and illustrates how positive or negative reinforcement have different effects on attention and action. Attention is directed toward both rewarding and punishing stimuli, but appetitive actions are only directed toward positive stimuli. We present experiments where the model is used to control a Nao robot in a task where it can select between two objects. The model demonstrates some emergent effects also observed in similar experiments with humans and animals, including attentional blocking and latent inhibition. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob), 2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on
pages
7 pages
publisher
IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
conference name
2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob)
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84920869208
DOI
10.1109/DEVLRN.2014.6982952
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1329f479-e616-418f-bdaf-c7f19de1978e (old id 4941300)
alternative location
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6982952
date added to LUP
2015-01-27 10:56:50
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:44:55
@misc{1329f479-e616-418f-bdaf-c7f19de1978e,
  abstract     = {A novel model of role of conditioning in attention is presented and evaluated on a Nao humanoid robot. The model implements conditioning and habituation in interaction with a dynamic neural field where different stimuli compete for activation. The model can be seen as a demonstration of how stimulus-selection and action-selection can be combined and illustrates how positive or negative reinforcement have different effects on attention and action. Attention is directed toward both rewarding and punishing stimuli, but appetitive actions are only directed toward positive stimuli. We present experiments where the model is used to control a Nao robot in a task where it can select between two objects. The model demonstrates some emergent effects also observed in similar experiments with humans and animals, including attentional blocking and latent inhibition.},
  author       = {Billing, Erik and Balkenius, Christian},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {41--47},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xa6b8000)},
  series       = {Development and Learning and Epigenetic Robotics (ICDL-Epirob), 2014 Joint IEEE International Conferences on},
  title        = {Modeling the interplay between conditioning and attention in a humanoid robot : habituation and attentional blocking},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/DEVLRN.2014.6982952},
  year         = {2014},
}