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Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Patrick, Smith; Perrin, Sean LU ; Tim, Dalgleish; Richard, Meiser-Stedman; David M, Clark and William, Yule (2013) In Current Opinion in Psychiatry 26(1). p.66-72
Abstract
Purpose of review: We review recent evidence regarding risk factors for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and

treatment outcome studies from 2010 to 2012 including dissemination studies, early intervention studies and studies involving preschool children.Recent findings: Recent large-scale epidemiological surveys confirm that PTSD occurs in a minority of children and young people exposed to trauma. Detailed follow-up studies of trauma-exposed young people have investigated

factors that distinguish those who develop a chronic PTSD from those who do not, with recent studies

highlighting the importance of cognitive (thoughts, beliefs and memories) and social factors. Such findings are informative in... (More)
Purpose of review: We review recent evidence regarding risk factors for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and

treatment outcome studies from 2010 to 2012 including dissemination studies, early intervention studies and studies involving preschool children.Recent findings: Recent large-scale epidemiological surveys confirm that PTSD occurs in a minority of children and young people exposed to trauma. Detailed follow-up studies of trauma-exposed young people have investigated

factors that distinguish those who develop a chronic PTSD from those who do not, with recent studies

highlighting the importance of cognitive (thoughts, beliefs and memories) and social factors. Such findings are informative in developing treatments for young people with PTSD. Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) confirm that trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (TF-CBT) is a highly efficacious treatment for PTSD, although questions remain about effective treatment components. A small number of dissemination studies indicate that TF-CBT can be effective when delivered in school and community settings. One recent

RCT shows that TF-CBT is feasible and highly beneficial for very young preschool children. Studies of early intervention show mixed findings.

Summary: Various forms of theory-based TF-CBT are highly effective in the treatment of children and adolescents with PTSD. Further work is needed to replicate and extend initial promising outcomes of TF-CBT for very young

children. Dissemination studies and early intervention studies show mixed findings and further work is needed. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
children and adolescents, posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma, treatment
in
Current Opinion in Psychiatry
volume
26
issue
1
pages
66 - 72
publisher
Gower Publishing House
external identifiers
  • wos:000311892900012
  • pmid:23201964
  • scopus:84870859761
ISSN
0951-7367
DOI
10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835b2c01
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
00bf5f1f-8ee9-472d-97a7-8d1b4a0ac01f (old id 3223934)
alternative location
http://journals.lww.com/co-psychiatry/Fulltext/2013/01000/Treatment_of_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in.13.aspx
date added to LUP
2013-01-18 09:08:50
date last changed
2019-06-25 01:23:36
@article{00bf5f1f-8ee9-472d-97a7-8d1b4a0ac01f,
  abstract     = {Purpose of review: We review recent evidence regarding risk factors for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and<br/><br>
treatment outcome studies from 2010 to 2012 including dissemination studies, early intervention studies and studies involving preschool children.Recent findings: Recent large-scale epidemiological surveys confirm that PTSD occurs in a minority of children and young people exposed to trauma. Detailed follow-up studies of trauma-exposed young people have investigated<br/><br>
factors that distinguish those who develop a chronic PTSD from those who do not, with recent studies<br/><br>
highlighting the importance of cognitive (thoughts, beliefs and memories) and social factors. Such findings are informative in developing treatments for young people with PTSD. Recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) confirm that trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (TF-CBT) is a highly efficacious treatment for PTSD, although questions remain about effective treatment components. A small number of dissemination studies indicate that TF-CBT can be effective when delivered in school and community settings. One recent<br/><br>
RCT shows that TF-CBT is feasible and highly beneficial for very young preschool children. Studies of early intervention show mixed findings.<br/><br>
Summary: Various forms of theory-based TF-CBT are highly effective in the treatment of children and adolescents with PTSD. Further work is needed to replicate and extend initial promising outcomes of TF-CBT for very young<br/><br>
children. Dissemination studies and early intervention studies show mixed findings and further work is needed.},
  author       = {Patrick, Smith and Perrin, Sean and Tim, Dalgleish and Richard, Meiser-Stedman and David M, Clark and William, Yule},
  issn         = {0951-7367},
  keyword      = {children and adolescents,posttraumatic stress disorder,trauma,treatment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {66--72},
  publisher    = {Gower Publishing House},
  series       = {Current Opinion in Psychiatry},
  title        = {Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0b013e32835b2c01},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2013},
}